Alltop répertorie de nombreux articles sur l'entrepreneuriat social à travers le monde.

04.12.2016 Somalia’s Next Wave Entrepreneurs

Abdi Latif Dahir writing in Quartz Africa:
Bedeviled by war and factional violence, Somalia was one of the last African countries to go online in 2000. At 1.8%, the Horn of Africa nation also has one of the lowest internet penetration in the world. But as the dust settles from a two-decade civil war, many of its young people—alongside those who returned from the diaspora—are trying to come out of isolationism by using technology as a bridge to tap into the global economy.

The country’s high-speed, fiber optic internet, connected in 2013, is enabling some of this transformation, facilitating the organization of global conferences like the Mogadishu and Hargeisa Ted Talks and the Social Good Summit. StartUp Grind, a global community which nurtures startup ecosystems in 85 countries and is supported by Google, has its newest branch based in Mogadishu.
More here

03.12.2016 Nonprofits, foundations and the next U.S. President


The U.S. nonprofit sector often thinks of itself as being independent from government and markets. This self-image is held widely enough that one of the major  trade organizations even calls itself Independent Sector. But independence in the digital age is...well...complicated. Almost all of the infrastructure used to transmit digital data is owned and monitored by the government and/or commercial firms that sell internet access, cloud storage, cell phones and mobile data plans, or that provide search functionality or social media by selling your data to advertisers, or that do all of the above. So if you're communicating key messages via social media, storing your donor and beneficiary files online, and using commercial software to send text alerts or work collaboratively on your program evaluations, just how independent are you, really?

Since the Presidential election on November 8, there have been a few impressive actions that recognize the independence of nonprofits and foundations on digital systems owned and monitored by the government and/or commercial firms.
I've written two previous posts on the threats to free assembly, expression, and privacy on which the President-elect campaigned, why we should believe those campaign statements, and what to do in the reality they represent.

Even inlcuding the actions in the above bulleted list, I've been underwhelmed by the philanthropic and nonprofit community's response to our dependent digital state. With a few exceptions, most foundations and nonprofits - even those expressing real concern about their issues - are going about their business as if nothing fundamental has changed. They don't seem to get just how "un-independent" they long ago became and what that dependence means now and for the next few (?) years.

Nonprofits and foundations work on a lot of issues. Many will tell you they work on behalf of vulnerable people - children, the elderly, the sick, the poor. Others cherish and work on behalf of  people specifically targeted specifically by the President-elect's campaign and its supporters, such as immigrants, Muslims, LGBT people, and women. The digital data that these organizations use every day - emails, funding information, text messages for outreach, photos, videos, web sites, program data, beneficiary information - is the lifeblood of their work. And every bit of it may be of interest to a government intent on "radical change" - which includes building registries, deporting people, "law and order," and building walls.

If your nonprofit or foundation works with or for vulnerable people, you should not make them more vulnerable. This was true on November 7. It's more true now. The incoming administration touts its plans to register Muslims. It banned selected reporters throughout the campaign. "Long memories" about political adversaries are proudly brought up by advisors to the administration. These are not normal actions or statements, and they don't bode well for the idea of either an independent press or an independent nonprofit sector.•

Your organizational ability to manage digital data safely, ethically, and effectively is not an optional concern. It is a core operational and governance capacity. You cannot be an effective nonprofit or foundation unless you are attending to your digital assets with the same integrity, alignment to mission, and dedicated expertise that you depend on your lawyers, accountants, and financial advisors to provide regarding your human resources and financial systems.

This isn't just about the effectiveness of your organization (though that's a fine place to start). It's about the independence of, the nature and role of, and the future of independent organizations and independent civil society. Such a sector is based on the real practice of free assembly, expression and privacy, not just a presumption of their conceptual existence. That practice begins with you and your organization. You may not be able to create a copy of yourself in Canada. But the question remains...what are you going to do?

*I'm not even going to go down the rabbit hole of the non-independence of the president-elect's own foundation, its acknowledged breaking of basic charitable laws, and the repeated ways in which it was used as a mere piggy bank for a range of political, personal, and business-related actions. If you want my thoughts on that hot mess, see #blueprint17 - coming December 14 at

03.12.2016 AfDB's Entrepreneur Initiative - BOOSt Africa

From the AFDB:
Boost Africa will contribute to fostering the development of an efficient entrepreneurial ecosystem in Africa by supporting the earliest and riskier stages of the venture value chain, in an economically viable and sustainable way. Boost Africa aims to spur the entrepreneurial potential of the African youth to create innovative and compelling businesses with the capacity to compete regionally and globally, to attract domestic and foreign direct investment, to create new and quality jobs, and contribute to inclusive and sustainable economic growth...[more]

02.12.2016 LifeBank is Tackling the Blood Shortage in Nigeria's Biggest City

Conor Gaffey reporting for Newsweek:
In Lagos, Nigeria’s largest city and Temie Giwa-Tubosun’s adopted hometown, the need for blood is urgent. Only 43 percent of the 185,000 pints of blood required each year are collected; this shortage means that efficiently getting the available plasma from blood banks to needy patients is crucial. To address this need, Giwa-Tubosun launched LifeBank, an e-health app connecting blood banks with hospitals in Lagos, in December 2015.
More here

02.12.2016 #Arduino Controlled Micro Distilliery

From Hackaday Richard Baguley reports:
image via
Booze, they say, is one of the major factors that shaped human history. And creating new and faster ways of making booze has always been a big engineering problem, so this project by [Goat Industries] is rather interesting. It’s a completely automated micro-distillery called the NanoStillery...[more]

01.12.2016 A+ Team - One million loans and counting

Lending teams are a vital part of Kiva's thriving community. Last month, one of our most active lending teams hit a milestone no other had: one million loans made. We invited one of their co-captains, Chris Allen, to tell us about what this achievement means to his team.
What are the odds that a group of Atheists and other non-believers in God would ever make one million no-interest loans to small business owners around the world? It’s just a guess: one in a million. 
Yet, the A+ Team on Kiva has done just that. How, and more importantly, why? Quite simply, we know that it takes people to help people. “It gives me personal satisfaction to know that, in a small way, with each loan, I have been a positive force in the life of another human,” says Nancy Somers, an A+ Team member and co-captain.
Being the first of almost 40,000 teams on Kiva to reach the million loan milestone helps shatter a common stereotype that some Atheists and non-believers are uncaring, selfish people who lack a moral compass.
When it comes to giving, caring and sharing, the A+ Team’s compass points in every direction. Members have made loans to empower entrepreneurs in 88 countries. That’s every nation where Kiva has facilitated loans. 
The A+ Team has contributed to nearly half of the loans funded through Kiva, according to Kiva’s Chelsa Bocci. Bocci, who serves as VP of Marketing & Community, adds that A+ Team loans span the entire breadth of Kiva’s work. 
On average, each of the team’s 36,000 members has made more than two dozen loans. “Going forward, I hope this is just the starting point in a long and productive process that sees quality of life improve across the world,” says LenderJ, from San Francisco, California.
About seven in every 10 A+ Team loans have gone to women entrepreneurs or groups led by females. Most have supported agriculture, food and retail segments of the economy. A+ Team loans add up to almost $30,000,000. Thousands of dollars in new team loans are added daily!
When Kiva let its members create and manage teams, in 2008, lending kicked into overdrive. It rallied people with similar interests to band together, by creating distinct communities within Kiva. People from all walks of life, faiths and philosophies continue to respond to Kiva’s call to action.
Maria, who co-captains the Christian team on Kiva in Germany, believes “The work is a bridge between us!” She is referring to our common goal to alleviate poverty worldwide.
Making one million loans would not have been possible without Kiva, its supporters and field partners, extremely generous loan lenders and A+ Team co-captains. 
Make a $25 loan with a repayment rate of better than 97% inspires lender confidence. Kiva’s use of photos enables each lender to see the face of virtually every person they choose to support. And by including a brief story about each entrepreneur, lenders gain some insight into their struggles and aspirations. This one-to-one connection promotes compassion.
The A+ Team’s eight co-captains, who come from the Australia, Germany, Canada and the United States, are hands-on volunteers who tend to the team and its members daily. 
Innovations like the A+ Team’s “Convenience Store” make it easy for busy team members to choose from a group of hand-picked, short-term loans, considered low-risk and mostly secular. 
The “A+ Team IMPACT Fund at Foundation Beyond Belief” is an endowment that ensures money contributed by donors will be loaned over and over again in perpetuity. 
Team loan challenges encourage members to loan more money, more often. Team captains manage the team’s message board that has over 45,000 questions and comments. Our Facebook page, Twitter account and website keep members up to date.
Going forward, the A+ Team will continue to help the least advantaged among us succeed, with no expectation of a reward.
Do you want to enrich the lives of people around the world? Become an active lender on Kiva. Join our team or others that mirror your passions.    
“A+” has a double meaning. It stands for: Atheists, Agnostics, Skeptics, Freethinkers, Secular Humanists and the Non-Religious. “A+” is also a symbol of achievement and excellence. 
Reaching one millions loans is an important milestone. But economic inequality persists. Going forward, with humility, passion and goodwill towards all, the A+ Team will strive to live up to its name.

Chris Allen is an A+ Team co-captain and founder of the Humanist team on Kiva. He is a volunteer loan editor and Kiva’s November 2016, Volunteer of the Month.

01.12.2016 SEO 2017 Predictions

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

Welcome to this year’s edition of our SEO Predictions for the upcoming calendar year. After seeing some great traction and feedback on our SEO 2016 Predictions post, we decided to make it more of a tradition moving forward. So looking ahead to what’s in store for SEO 2017, here is what my crystal ball tells me the marketers, SEOs, and… read more →

The post SEO 2017 Predictions appeared first on Return On Now.

01.12.2016 Weaving the #FabricofChange: the moral crisis of fast fashion.

Weaving the #FabricOfChange: the moral crisis of fast fashion.

Each year, 80 billion pieces of clothing are purchased across the globe, which is 400% more than 10 years ago. Unsurprisingly these sales constitute a major financial market. The fashion brand Christian Dior is one of the biggest companies in the world - last year their sales totalled $41.6 billion, roughly  equivalent to the GDP of Tunisia. The fashion industry is of increasing global importance but in the context of pressure to drive down costs and drive up profit margins there is an emergent moral crisis.

On the 24th April 2013 the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh collapsed killing 1,129 people and injuring a further 2500. Attributed to a structural weakness, the incident was deemed the deadliest garment factory accident in history. The tragedies of the apparel industry aren’t simply confined to freak incidences. The structures that underpin consumption and production are deeply flawed. ‘Fast fashion’, the byword for cheap clothing that masks its social and environmental costs, demands a whole new meaning under the realisation that in the US alone 14.3 million tonnes of textiles are discarded each year. The statistic is particularly painful, given the knowledge that the pressure to produce cheap cotton has been linked to the suicides of 250,000 farmers in Cambodia, the cheapest source of the material globally. 

Whilst the Rana Plaza disaster is widely seen as a symbol of an industry in moral crisis, even the most cursory glance at the daily production of fashion confirms that this crisis is structural.  Contemporary fashion is caught between public façades of flawless affordable perfection on catwalks, Instagram feeds and shop windows, and the inconvenient machinery that enables and underpins the illusion: sweatshops, toxic dyes and exploitation.

Understanding the Problems

Hailing the shouts from protestors across Bangladesh and solidarity movements, such as the #whomademyclothes Twitter campaign, companies and governments have been responding to the events at Rana Plaza in a variety of ways: from sharing information on factory inspections to funding infrastructure projects. Despite the valuable work of many brands, it seems that many of the more agile, innovative solutions are coming from a new player in the fashion field: social entrepreneurs.

This was one of the key drivers behind Fabric of Change, an initiative launched by Ashoka and C&A Foundation to source, support and accelerate innovations for a fair and sustainable apparel industry. This three-year initiative is unlocking the unique power and potential of social entrepreneurs and their solutions to transform the apparel industry as a force for good.


Rooted in the perspectives of Ashoka Fellows and additional insights from industry experts, the Fabric of Change Social Innovation Mapping uncovers the barriers to and design principles for transformative change within the apparel industry.  

Download the report to uncover these groundbreaking patterns for designing solutions that unlock system level change.

Fabric of Change is now working to support, spotlight and accelerating social innovators and their solutions to these barriers.


Hidden from View – Conditions in supply chains are often obscured

The Fabric of Change report found that at the heart of fashion’s sustainability problem was a visual obstruction; brands, consumers and regulation agencies simply can’t look back to supply chains and see where products come from. Fashion supply chains are notoriously decentralised, the scale of orders demanded by large retailers is usually way beyond the capacity of any one workshop. Factories such as Rana Plaza may be asked to make around 180,000 shirts per day  at a price of around $0.20 or risk losing contracts and not being paid at all.  The result is long chains of sub-contractors who are challenging to track and hold accountable. Even brands that invest in monitoring their supply chains “obtain only irregular and inaccurate information”.

Learn more: Ashoka Fellow Kohl Gill, founded LaborVoices to address the lack of transparency in global supply chains and the absence of voice for workers around the world >


“No one should die for Fashion”

Looking at the profiles of the 5 factories housed in Rana Plaza and their 3639 workers, serves to illuminate trends in the industry more broadly. 80% of the workers were young women “18, 19, 20 years of age, working around 100 hours a week. The most junior staff took home 12 cents an hour, and the most senior sewers raised this to 24 cents an hour.  These wages are the result of an effort to cut costs by moving from country to country, finding the cheapest labour and least regulated workforce. This cycle of exploitation is particularly targeted at women and migrant workers, the most vulnerable in the chain. Essential services such as childcare and healthcare are critical to the long-term wellbeing of low-income workers, helping them to have long term, quality of life. In the words of a placard held by one garment factory worker at the protests around the Rana Plaza collapse “No one should die for fashion.”


Making the Right Choices

Unsurprisingly, considering the lack of knowledge that many corporations hold around their own supply chains, consumers aren’t particularly aware of the blood and sweat that is woven into their purchases. There is little information available to consumers at point-of-purchase that helps them to make decisions that align with their values. Whilst millions were horrified by the Rana Plaza disaster, it would be nearly impossible for a consumer to identify whether the next high street garment purchased came from that site or one very similar. Even when some information is available ethical products are frequently priced out of the reach of the average consumer.

Learn More: REMAKE are turning transparency into storytelling to inspire a generation of consumers to make ethical, informed choices. >


Fighting the System

The current fragmented and decentralized supply chains disincentivises companies from prioritising sustainability. The high profit margins promised by “fast fashion” have engaged companies in a system of “rapid fire production” where low costs triumph all other considerations. To create a truly sustainable fashion industry requires a consistent supply and demand of both sustainable materials and processes. We must transform a broken supply chain into a web of collective responsibility.


Finding the Solutions

Ultimately the challenges facing the fashion industry are complex and multifaceted: the incentives of contemporary capitalism are intertwined with the challenges of development and the vulnerabilities of low income populations.  Fabric of Change identifies, supports and give visibility to leading social innovators creatively and collaboratively tackling social and environmental issues within the apparel industry. But social innovators alone cannot solve these complex problems. Sector partners are crucial in enabling the impact and acceleration of these social innovators – together we can transform the apparel industry and spark a global movement for change.

Learn more about Ashoka and C&A Foundation’s Fabric of Change Initiative here >, or follow the conversation on Twitter at #FabricOfChange

What are the barriers to creating transformative change in the apparel industry? Do you know of any compelling solutions? Join Ashoka, Trust Women and leading industry experts in a live twitter chat on Thursday 1st December between 13:15 and 14:15. Just search and tag your tweets #FabricOfChange

​This article first appeared on 

29.11.2016 Volunteer Spotlight: “I feel rewarded to be able to do whatever my small part can be in helping people improve their lives.”

Every day, Kiva’s work is made possible by nearly 400 Review and Translation Program volunteers who graciously donate their time and skills to to translate loans from Kiva’s five key languages: English, Spanish, French, Russian, and Portuguese. Thanks to our volunteers, lenders and borrowers around the world are able to connect through Kiva and help each other build better lives together. 
This past quarter we were fortunate to get to know Katie, Laurie, and Marcia, three very interesting women, and learn more about what motivates them to help people through volunteering with Kiva. We are incredibly thankful to all of our volunteers, without whom Kiva could not do what we do. An extra big thank you goes out to our wonderful Volunteers of the Month!
Katie Bradshaw
Kiva Volunteer of the Month, July 2016
“I want to be a part of the solution!”
City: Scottsbluff, Nebraska
Language: English
Team: Only the Loanly
Time with Kiva: 2 year, 7 month
Outstanding Contributions to Kiva: Katie is an extremely active contributor on the Volunteer Forum. She has helped over 1,290 borrowers get the chance to fund their loans since December 2014.
Laurie Hiller
Kiva Volunteer of the Month, August 2016
“The idea that such a small loan can make a difference and enable a mother to keep her child is incredible to me.”
City: Mazatlan, Mexico
Language: Spanish
Team: Saliendo Adelante
Time with Kiva: 1 year, 1 month
Outstanding Contributions to Kiva: Laurie’s passion for giving back to her community shines through in her contribution to Kiva. So far Laurie has translated over 1,300 loans! Thanks to volunteers like Laurie, lenders all over the world can make loans to help improve a borrower’s life. 
Marcia Margolis
Kiva Volunteer of the Month, September 2016
“I feel rewarded to be able to do whatever my small part can be in helping people improve their lives.”
City: Lawrenceville, NJ
Language: Portuguese & Spanish
Team: Latino Linguists
Time with Kiva: 3 years
Outstanding Contributions to Kiva: Marcia is an extraordinary volunteer who is sure to contribute not only as a top performing translator, but also on the Volunteer Forum. She demonstrated her passion for language recently when she added Portuguese loan review on top of her Spanish.