Alltop répertorie de nombreux articles sur l'entrepreneuriat social à travers le monde.

31.05.2016 Mini Robotic builders

Minibuilders in the additive construction space:
Minibuilders from STEREOTACTIC on Vimeo.

30.05.2016 Legal Profession Disruptor - The Decentralised Arbitration and Mediation Network

In the Financial Review:
DAMN operates as a network of smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain. It is creating an "opt-in justice system for commercial transactions" to provide a new form of cross border dispute resolution, according to a profile in industry publication CoinDesk last week.
More here

30.05.2016 WorldCover Farmers Insurance

WorldCover's peer-to-peer lending platform protects farmers from natural disasters and gives investors diversified returns and direct social impact.

29.05.2016 Hacking the human: the startups 3D printing living cells, editing genes and growing meat in laboratories

Charlotte Jee writing in Techworld:
'Hacking' is an important part of technological progress: tinkering, breaking things apart, fiddling around with them and putting them back together in pursuit of a solution to a problem.

Traditionally this has usually meant devices or software. But a new breed of startups have turned to another test subject: us.
More here

29.05.2016 Nwakama Dredge Fabrication Company

Nwakama Dredge Fabrication company intends:
image via
To build a world class pan African dredge manufacturing company and promote our indigenous technological capability in the area of dredge construction
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26.05.2016 Join @Changemakers and the #AfricaYouthFwd Network for a TwitterChat on 3rd June

“Work” has traditionally meant getting a job at a company, perhaps after achieving a degree or certificate in a particular field. But the changing--and often challenging--employment landscape in Africa means that today’s young talent will need to think outside of the box when it comes to building prosperous livelihoods. What opportunities are presented by the rise of new information technologies, social media, and cultural mindsets in Africa? How can changing our preconceived notions of “work” unlock fresh opportunities for entrepreneurship for young Africans? Can young Africans become community problem-solvers and earn an income in the process? What are some success stories we can learn from?

You'll have the opportunity to discuss these questions and more during our live Future Forward TwitterChat! Featured panelists will be announced here shortly. Save the date and learn about how to participate below.

Theme: Africa's Young Talent & the Changing Meaning of "Work"

Date: Friday, 3rd June

Time: 9am-10:30am EDT / 1pm-2:30pm GMT / 4pm-5:30pm East Africa Time. 

Hashtag: #AfricaFutureFwd

Featured Panliests: TBA

How does a live ‘Twitter chat’ work? 

A Twitter chat is a real-time discussion focused on a specific theme. It is designed to bring together various stakeholders (from social entrepreneurs and innovators, to business and media) to share ideas, discuss best practices, identify the latest innovations, and pinpoint areas requiring more exploration. It is also a great way to connect with colleagues and supporters around the globe! Ashoka will be facilitating discussions in realtime, and will be a great platform for you and your networks to pose questions to the panel, and connect to the network of Changemakers!

How can I participate?

  1. Follow @changemakers for tweets and updates related to the chat.
  2. During the chat use or an application like Tweetdeck or TweetChat to follow the #AfricaYouthFwd hashtag and keep up with the conversation.
  3. Enter the discussion anytime by tagging your tweets with #AfricaYouthFwd Using the hashtag ensures that everyone following the chat will see your tweets.

What are the guidelines?

  1. Log-in to your Twitter account a few minutes before the TwitterChat begins. 
  2. Introduce yourself in one tweet when you join the chat and take a minute to get to know the other chatters!
  3.  @changemakers will tweet 4-5 questions, labeled “Q1, Q2, etc.” in addition to specific questions for panelists.
  4. Preface your answers with “A1, A2, etc.” according to which question you are answering
  5. Message/Mention @changemakers if you’d like to submit a question for either a panelist or the group. Don't forget to include the hashtag #AfricaYouthFwd!
  6. Be respectful and don't forget to have fun! Collaboration through innovation is the name of the game – come join the conversation!


Image Credit: Beyond Access

26.05.2016 Thoughts on democracy from the U.S. capital

I've been thinking...

Suing news outlets with whom you don't agree is
not philanthropy. Wealthy individuals litigating an agenda by themselves (and secretly) is different from "impact litigation" led by public interest groups, (even when financed by a few individuals). (see below * on associational power)

The arc of platform consolidation built on the back of personal data that has contributed to the collapse of independent journalism is a story line we may see repeated in the nonprofit sector writ large.

Community-governed, small, independent associations - which de Tocqueville noted as core to American democracy - are threatened by homogenizing pushes for scale, efficiency, short-term metrics, and earned revenue.

These associations are key to what scholars call social capital, political wonks call civic engagement, and neighbors recognize as community. We overlook these roles of nonprofits and associations at our peril.

They are bulwarks against both economic and political monoculturalism. Otherwise known as inequality and tyranny.

Associations fill this role in at least two ways. First, they provide support for a diversity of views.
* Second, their governance structure is intended to involve multiple people as a form of public accountability and mechanism by which power can be scrutinized. Toward this end, transparency and public reporting requirements for associations (and sits in tension with anonymity). We're fooling ourselves if we think concentrated wealth or power is any less threatening in a nonprofit or philanthropic guise.

Pluralism requires a diversity of options, in associational life and digital space, with distributed governance.

There is no independent sector in digital space.

Creative Commons, Wikipedia, Mozilla, Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Internet Archive are our first models of civil society organizations purpose built for the digital age. We all manage digital resources now. We need new institutional forms.

We need local, community-led associations - distributed, fragmented, pluralistic, and contentious - equipped to help us dedicate our private resources - time, money, and data - to public benefit.

26.05.2016 The Story Behind the Entrepreneur Who Opened South Africa's First Free University

Dr. Taddy Blecher had a crazy idea.

At the time, back in 1995, he was an up-and-coming South African actuary making a comfortable salary—and packing up to move to the United States. Then everything changed.

“I was 27 years old and had whatever I wanted financially. But I really started to feel unhappy about the thought of leaving my country, given that so much damage had been caused in South Africa, so many divisions between people,” he said. “I just gave up everything. I just jumped off a cliff.”

Dr. Blecher didn’t actually jump off a cliff, of course, but he did take a big leap of faith. Dr. Blecher gave up his salary to join a nonprofit serving school-age children in Johannesburg’s Alexandra Township.

“I went into the township for the first time and four huge guys rocked my car. I'm this, like, little, weedy guy and I thought I was going die that first day of changemaking in the townships.”

But he wouldn’t change a thing, describing his journey into social purpose leadership as the best time of his life, “unimaginably wonderful.”

Back to Dr. Blecher’s crazy idea: he wanted to build South Africa’s first free university. Because the resourceful, witty, and bright children he worked with in Alexandra couldn’t access higher education—they had no money. And they didn’t have the time or failure-tested skills to start their own businesses. Dr. Blecher couldn’t stand to see great potential wasted.

“We wanted to show that young people, even street kids, could be accountants, merchant bankers, stock brokers, Java programmers, engineers, anything they wanted to be,” Dr. Blecher said. “If we could prove that, then we could show that all these youth being thrown away in their millions in this country are actually the greatest assets of the future of Africa.”

Long story short, Dr. Blecher and his team succeeded. Big-time. They’ve opened six Maharishi Institute campuses across the country. And along the way, they’ve granted more than 15,000 young people without the cash or grades required pursue a university education with the chance of a lifetime.

And while the institute is indeed free for scholars, who also get real-world job experience and earn money for four hours every week, it’s no cakewalk (even with open book exams). But Maharishi’s programming is incredibly effective.

“It’ a 50-hour a week, very intensive, four-year internationally recognized business degree,” Dr. Blecher said. “We've got a 98 percent job placement rate. Employers love these graduates.”

How does Maharishi’s magic work?

“We've really tried to reinvent the way university education is done. We're using an approach called consciousness-based education and we focus truly on the whole person, not just on learning some content. We don’t do memorization.”

“A person's empathy, emotional intelligence, their creativity, their ability to think out of the box, their ability to solve problems in a logical way, ask good questions, work with other people ... all these things are fundamental [to success in today’s world] and yet they're not really fundamentally built into a normal university learning process—well, certainly not in a traditional South African university.”

Dr. Blecher has plenty of wisdom for aspiring innovators. And like his programming at Maharishi, he’s willing to share it free of charge.

Here are the key takeaways from his one-hour session.

1) Just get started.

“What you do is do the best you can. We do what changemakers do. First, you create your own models where you've got independence and autonomy, where you can prove things to be working and keep control.

“So, by creating models that work, you give hope to people that it is possible and that everything is possible.”

For that reason, don’t be afraid to radically invent yourself. Dr. Blecher did and look what happened.

2) Find the right partners.

“It's very important to find the people who care about action, who are accountable, who're responsible, who are caring, who believe in their own country, believe in their youth, and are prepared to put their careers on the line to fight for an ideal.

“Those are people to work with. And then all the people who just talk a lot, do absolutely nothing, just stay away, don't waste your time, and just don't work with people like that.”

3) Fight for what’s right.

“I don't think we should ever let our ideals fall because we see corruption around us or weakness around us. We have to hold to the highest ideals, take action, think wisely, move quickly, and apologize later. Always have that policy: apologize later.”

People need you: your passion, skills, and leadership.

As Dr. Blecher said, getting people employed, developing their potential, making a difference—those things “are not going to go out of fashion.”

26.05.2016 Cash Transfer Program Aims to Improve Perception of Indian Daughters


Earlier this month, Indian police arrested a couple in West Bengal for allegedly strangling their 22-day-old daughter. Police say the girl was killed because she was the family’s third daughter. The couple had wanted a son.

India’s deeply-rooted culture of gender discrimination is largely to blame for the country’s disproportionately high female-child mortality rate and an increase in female-targeted abortions. One of the ways the Indian government has responded to this deadly trend is through a Conditional Cash Transfer program, offering cash incentives to families with daughters.

While the program may help raise the perceived value of girl-children, the extent of India’s gender discrimination is staggering.

From a financial standpoint, it is easy enough to understand why couples may hope for a son instead of a daughter, especially for a family living in crushing poverty. A son is seen as a financial asset. Sons traditionally take care of their elderly parents. Men dominate the workforce, and are paid more than female workers.

A daughter can be economically devastating.

Though India outlawed dowries more than 50 years ago, the practice of pairing a bride with a substantial gift for the bridegroom’s family is still widespread.

Guruswamy was stunned when the parents of the man set to marry his 16-year-old daughter demanded a television, washing machine and new motorcycle to confirm the match. The 52-year-old put in 20-hour shifts at his job as a platform cleaner at the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. After a full summer, he can only afford the washing machine, and hopes the potential bridegroom’s family will not abandon the match before he can buy the other gifts.

“A girl will cost your life’s earnings,” Guruswamy said.

At the national level, the preference for boy-children has had startling effects. India’s child sex ratio -- the number of girls per 1,000 boys age 0-6 -- has plunged over the past two decades, according to census data. In 1991, there were 945 girls for every 1,000 boys. By 2001, the sex ratio dropped to 927, and in 2011, it had fallen to 919. In some states, girls fare much worse. Maneka Gandhi, India’s minister of women and child development, reported that, in 2015, there were 70 villages in the state of Haryana alone that claimed no girl child had been born for years.

Responding to the alarming decline of girl children, the Indian government introduced a Conditional Cash Transfer program in 2008. This program transfers money to families when daughters reach certain milestones. Families are rewarded for registering a daughter’s birth, for immunizing her, and for her enrollment and retention in school. In total, the cash transfers amount to an impressive $210. Additionally, if the girl remains unmarried until she is 18, she receives $1,500 of health insurance coverage.

By attaching monetary value to certain practices, the program aims to motivate behaviors that  ultimately raise the economic value of girls in Indian society. Improving health and increasing education for Indian girls can mean that, down the line, families may hold more favorable perceptions of girl-children. Girls may be seen as more of an asset, or at least less of a burden, because of their increased earning potential.

A UN study suggests that India’s cash transfer program has improved parents’ views of daughters. Parents with children enrolled in the program were almost twice as likely as  non-enrolled parents to strongly agree with statements like, “Daughters should be educated equally like sons,” “Daughters and sons should be given equal share in property,” and “Like sons, daughters too can perform funeral rites.” Additionally, beneficiary parents were significantly more likely to agree that a girl can decide when and whom to marry.

These results are hopeful and certainly should not be ignored. However, considering that only 22.7 percent of parents in the cash transfer program and 14.8 percent of non-enrolled parents strongly agreed to statements of gender equality, it is clear that there is still a long way to go to improve gender discrimination.

India’s cash transfer program, as it stands, still has many imperfections. Other countries, such as Brazil and Mexico, have had great success using cash transfers to protect investments in education and health for women and children. But India’s banking infrastructure is less advanced. Approximately 135 million households across India have no access to financial services. This makes transferring money from government to household much more challenging, especially in rural areas.

What’s more, it appears that the dominant perception of the program may actually be undermining its stated objective. The UN study notes that most enrolled families view the cash incentives, particularly the big final payment, as government assistance for a daughter’s marriage. This view perpetuates the belief that a daughter is a burden so grievous that it requires government assistance to bear. It also ignores the potential value gained by educating a girl.

The cash transfer program is not a silver bullet solution to gender discrimination in India. It will require generations of diligent work on the part of the government and the people to reshape perceptions of daughters.

But for young girls like Guneet, a student in Punjab, the program has opened locked doors. “I am getting financial support for my education from the government… As a result, my parents are very happy, and they want to educate me as much as I like.”

Articles You Might Like: 
Econ 101: Three different ways to lift girls out of poverty
How do you keep a girl in school? Pay mom to send her
The missing link: Transforming vocational skills into employment for young women

25.05.2016 When Your Case is the One Being Studied

When Your Case is the One Being Studied

Leonardo Párraga | May 25, 2016
It is only when we think about where we began that we discover the magnitude of what we have achieved. Yet, we are often so preoccupied with future outcomes that it’s difficult to live in the...

24.05.2016 Global Ideas News Brief: Digital Revolution in Africa



Thailand to close Koh Tachai island over tourism damage
The popular spot for snorkeling and diving is being closed off to tourists in order to prevent further damage to the island’s ecosystem.


You Can Have Our Millions- But First You Must Pass Our Test
The US aid agency Millennium Challenge Corporation has frozen Tanzania’s aid package for not complying with the agency's standards of good governance.


Saudi shake-up rolls on with big reshuffle of economic posts
King Salman’s changes in Saudi Arabia's oil ministries foreshadow the monarch's ultimate goal of becoming less dependent on oil exports.


Africa's digital revolution: a look at the technologies, trends, and people driving it
World Economic Forum
Many discussions at the World Economic Forum on Africa in Kigali, Rwanda focused on the theme "Connecting Africa’s Resources through Digital Transformation,” or using technology to strengthen weak ties within African trade blocs.

Gender and Sexuality

To Close the Gender Gap, We Have to Close the Data Gap
Melinda Gates announces that the Bill & Melinda Gates foundation will invest $80 million over the next three years into gender-based development research.

Dude, Where Are The Women? #AllMalePanels In Global Development
Critics of recent non-gender inclusive global development panels are circulating the hashtag #allmalepanels on Twitter.

Articles You Might Like: 
Brookings Blum Roundtable tackles the digital revolution
Q&A with Mercy Corps' Global Gender Advisor
Women, War, and Peace

24.05.2016 Which Visual Social Media Should Small Business Use, and Why?

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

Last week, we took a brief foray into the history of the digital social media so that we could make better informed, supportable decisions on how to allocate our social media and content marketing dollars and efforts. This week, we’ll dive a bit deeper into the “visual platforms” of Tumblr, Pinterest, and Instagram. I will explain why I’d recommend Instagram… read more →

The post Which Visual Social Media Should Small Business Use, and Why? appeared first on Return On Now.


A non-profit tech start-up that has developed a mobile biometric scanner with associated open-source software that can be used by global researchers, NGOs and governments to accurately link people to their digital records. The World Bank estimates that one third of all births go unregistered and that 2 billion people worldwide lack formal identification, limiting their access to essential services. Without reliable identification, it is not possible to link children to their vaccination records, provide banking to the poor, or track progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals.

Linking people to their digital records

Founded by Toby Norman in 2014, Simprints is a non-profit tech start-up that builds low-cost, rugged, hand-held fingerprint scanners that can sync wirelessly with smartphones. The technology integrates seamlessly into many of the mobile platforms that are increasingly being used in the developing world for healthcare, finance and education. It accurately links people to their digital records.

A legal identity for all

Accurate identification is essential to monitor progress across a range of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and is addressed explicitly in Goal 16.9, which promises a legal identify or all by 2030.In 2014, Simprints tested their first prototypes in Bangladesh and they have just started to roll out their products with BRAC, the world’s largest NGO, in four urban slums in Bangladesh. The project will reach 22,000 mothers and children in 2016. BRAC employs more than 90,000 health workers across the country and intends to expand their mobile health (mHealth) project decisively over the next two years, providing Simprints with a potentially huge opportunity to scale up.

23.05.2016 "Why Aren't Cool Things Made in Africa?"


Growing up in Nakuru, Kenya, June Arunga continually pondered the question, “Why aren’t cool things made in Africa?”

“A lot of things were made in China or made in America,” she told an audience recently at the Mercy Corps Action Center. Now, that very question helps direct her path to solve other problems--from inter-African trade to sanitation.

A journalist, attorney, and entrepreneur, June Arunga is the CEO of Open Quest Media, a multimedia production company. LLC  Fast Company named Arunga one of the 100 “most creative people in business” in 2010, and Forbes put her on its list of the 20 Youngest Power Women in Africa in 2011.

Now based in Nairobi, Arunga believes that where there is a problem, there is room for innovative solutions.

“I need a problem to solve.”

After getting married and with two young children, Arunga found herself tackling one of Nairobi’s toughest everyday problems: sanitation.

Modern technology is pervasive in Kenya, with many sporting the latest phones and other electronics. Yet, toilet facilities were often just holes in the ground--even in the city.

Arunga told the audience of how she attended a party at a middle-class family’s home but found herself staring at a hole in the ground for a toilet. She was baffled as to why the toilet facilities were “frozen in time.”

She soon realized that the problem was a water issue and that many homes were not on a sewer system. Since creating an entire sewer system is too expensive, she decided to design water filters made for households to recycle greywater.

It has been two years since she started on research and development for affordable sewer systems.

The opportunity for innovation and business can grow out of poverty, Arunga said.

She believes that product realization is the missing link in development in Africa.

Nairobi would benefit from a product realization hub that would house experts in various fields, she said. The experts would equip those with ideas with the technical know-how in order to succeed. Basically, the experts would help turn people’s ideas into finished products. Creating such a hub would help change a long-held social mindset that pays little attention to bright ideas, Arunga added.

Nairobi also should develop a “finishing school” to prepare college graduates for the global work environment.

She explained how important it was to teach work etiquette, such as proper handshakes, professional office wear and being on time for meetings.

The dignity deficit in Kenya needs to shrink so that many ideas will be taken more seriously, Arunga concluded.

She hopes that fellow Kenyans will look up to, honor and respect other “ordinary” Kenyans and their innovations. When there is more belief in the “ordinary person” and their ideas, she foresees that more efforts will be directed towards product realization and "cool" solutions to Africa's problems.

Articles You Might Like: 
Water versus sanitation: Tackling the less fashionable issue
The Sanitation Value Chain in Nairobi’s Slums
You can't solve poverty by supplying products not in demand