Alltop

Alltop répertorie de nombreux articles sur l'entrepreneuriat social à travers le monde.

27.06.2016 Furniture from 'Muti Interiors'

Muti Interiors
Bold. Modern. Comfortable.Furniture Proudly Handmade in Uganda

26.06.2016 Solar Tent Fish Drying

Charles Mkoka writing for Al Jazeera:
image via Al Jazeera
Fishing communities in Malawi are getting higher prices for their dried fish thanks to simple solar drying technology...[more]

24.06.2016 The Crisis of the World Humanitarian Summit

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In a disaster, do you choose to save your mother or best friend? Do you choose to hang on to safety or save a child? Do you choose to hide or flee from danger?

These are the kinds of questions posed by “Impossible Choices,” a marketing campaign for the first World Humanitarian Summit held this May. “Impossible Choices” includes an interactive questionnaire, outlining situations those in the midst of crisis face. It underscores how there are no correct choices, just those we must make — choices often underpinned with inescapable loss.

Bringing together politicians, development organizations, and humanitarian advocates to the country that hosts the largest documented number of refugees in the world, the UN-sponsored summit in Istanbul, Turkey, shaped five broad core missions: Prevention and end of conflict, respect of lives and laws in war, refugee considerations, increased gender equality, and investment in natural disasters in order to address the “highest level of suffering since the Second World War.”

The Summit presented the current humanitarian system as somewhere between ineffective and broken, calling for unique solutions to problems like political instability and drought, gender inequality and poverty, and climate change and migration that perhaps fall out of the bounds of traditional humanitarian efforts. 

Because the global humanitarian community still struggles with streamlining efforts to solve world problems, the summit offered a "new and coherent approach" based on addressing root causes, increasing political diplomacy for prevention and conflict resolution, and bringing humanitarian, development, and peace-building efforts together.

Robert Glasser, the head of the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, might have been directly speaking to this issue at the heart of the summit when he tweeted, “Leaving no one behind needs a shift to disaster risk management.”

What is disaster risk management?

As defined by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Management, disaster risk management aims to “reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention.” This method underscores the limited resources of humanitarian groups to remedy disasters and emphasizes targeting causal factors to relieve the occurance of disasters in the first place.

Beyond the acceptance of a general theory of rationing within the humanitarian system, where limited resources pit aid organizations against one another for funding, this particular framing of a solution proposed by the World Humanitarian Summit proved to be harder to swallow. In fact, some invitees declined to attend altogether.

Notably absent was the aid association Doctors Without Borders. Opposing the summit’s aims, Doctors Without Borders backed away from the “incorporation of humanitarian assistance into a broader development and resilience agenda.”

The summit minimized state accountability for respecting rules of war by leveling the field of humanitarian actors, the organization said. By overlooking their diversity, all groups are preconceived as participating in a homogenous activity of humanitarianism instead of discrete responsibilities that include economic, social, or political resolutions. The International Committee of the Red Cross also voiced concerns that the summit blurred humanitarian efforts, decreased impartiality, and underrepresented the diversity of organizations.

Mercy Corps CEO Neal Keny-Guyer addressed the absence of Doctors Without Borders in an editorial on the Mercy Corps website, doubling down on the value of the summit and arguing for increased resiliency, ending expensive cycles of emergency aid, and expanding inclusiveness of the humanitarian mission.

The article spoke directly to the crisis at the heart of the World Humanitarian Summit: how we frame humanitarianism.

"MSF is right to say that the UN and governments must rediscover their will to enforce the laws of war – laws that place civilians and civilian infrastructure such as hospitals off limits," Keny-Guyer said. "In Syria alone, recent weeks have seen the deadly bombings of a children’s hospital in Aleppo and a camp for displaced civilians in Idlib.

"But ending such suffering will not be achieved by disengagement. It’s hard to see how the Summit could be expected in one fell swoop to change the incentives for rogue regimes to kill indiscriminately or the license to slaughter felt by non-state violent extremist groups. Nor will the suffering be ended by simply increasing funding. We have to reform a broken system and change the way we humanitarians work."

Through whichever perspective, it is easier to see the outline of contention through the very prism of “Impossible Choices” itself. “Impossible Choices” is not uplifting — it shows suffering as suspended in time, with no knowable causes and no desirable outcomes.

Like the humanitarian community, we can either choose to “take action,” or leave the problem sitting as it is marketed to us by the UN, set on a timer for a minute before fading into the next.

23.06.2016 América Latina e Direitos Humanos - Por Edgar Cortez

texto por Edgar Cortez - Pesquisador do Instituto Mexicano de Direitos Humanos e Democracia - 06 de junho de 2016

 

Quando falamos da América Latina, é possível que pensemos que a realidade dos países que a integram é parecida e que os países compartilhem muitos aspectos em comum. Foi essa ideia que, em algum momento, levou Simón Bolívar a surgir com o projeto Pátria Grande. Porém, ao nos vermos, o que encontramos é um continente que vive numerosos contrastes, que explora diversos caminhos e apresenta diferentes desafios.

As ditaduras militares ficaram para trás e hoje quase todos os países vivem uma regularidade democrática. Porém, o voto como ferramenta de mudança social não deixa de ser uma mera ilusão; a democracia eleitoral tem se mostrado restrita para atender e dar respostas para as necessidades sociais.

Há quase um ano, uma parte da América Latina especificamente localizada no Sul, havia elegido governos provenientes da esquerda e aparentemente mais dispostos a atender aos problemas de pobreza, desigualdade, impunidade e diversos outros aspectos. Entre estes estavam o Brasil, Argentina, Chile, Bolívia, Venezuela, Equador, entre outros.

Esse panorama recentemente se transformou e alguns destes países, em um movimento pendular, agora voltam para governos conservadores. O caso mais extremo é o Brasil, no qual diante de uma espécie de julgamento político, Dilma Rousseff é suspensa de suas funções e o presidente interino gera uma mudança completa na política nacional.

Em síntese, contamos com a democracia eleitoral, com governos de quase qualquer vertente política e, apesar disso, seguimos enfrentando sérios e graves problemas de Direitos Humanos.

Assim, o primeiro desafio está na garantia da efetividade do que foi decidido na Conferência de Viena, em 1993: “a democracia, o desenvolvimento e o respeito dos direitos humanos e das liberdades fundamentais são conceitos interdependentes que se reforçam mutualmente.”

Outro assunto que é cada vez mais abordado na América Latina é a questão da desigualdade. O relatório “Uma Economia ao serviço do 1%”, da OXFAM(1), alerta o seguinte: “a brecha entre ricos e pobres está alcançando novas cotas. Recentemente, o Credit Suisse revelou que o 1% mais rico da população mundial acumula mais riquezas que os 99% restantes.”

Nosso continente é parte desta realidade e o panorama não é muito estimulante. Mais uma vez, a OXFAM o descreve dizendo “que os dados sobre a participação nas receitas globais mostram que a desigualdade de renda no nível interpessoal é extremamente alta, e que os principais beneficiários do crescimento total são indivíduos que estão no topo da escala de distribuição de renda.”

O desafio de combater à desigualdade é a forma de trabalhar de maneira constante no cumprimento e satisfação dos Direitos Econômicos, Sociais, Culturais e Ambientais (DESCA). Que o trabalho, a saúde, a educação, a habitação adequada não continuem sendo vistas como aspirações sem direitos, para as quais devemos oferecer recursos e políticas públicas adequadas para uma sociedade enormemente desigual; é dizer que contemple ações diferenciais, pois em nossos países existem setores da população que nunca tiveram acesso a estes direitos e, portanto, se encontram em uma profunda desvantagem que deve ser revertida.

Um terceiro desafio está relacionado à ideia de desenvolvimento. Hoje, na América Latina, o desenvolvimento está associado ao extrativismo e a imposição de projetos enormes. O primeiro, entendido como uma forma de organizar a economia de um país, baseando-se em uma alta dependência da extração intensiva (em grandes volumes) de recursos naturais, um um baixo processamento (valor agregado) e destinado para sua exportação(2) . O segundo é a realização de importantes investimentos para impor enormes projetos turísticos, estradas, portos etc.

Estes dois processos apresentam sérias consequências em relação à vida de pessoas e comunidades rurais e indígenas, pois para realizar a extração e a exploração do território, é preciso expulsá-los de seu ambiente. De acordo com o Atlas de Justiça Ambiental(3), atualmente estão documentados 1750 conflitos ambientais no planeta.

Estes conflitos possuem outras perspectivas violentas: a morte de centenas de defensores e defensoras do meio ambiente. De acordo com o relatório da Global Witness “Quantos mais?”(4), entre os anos de 2002 e 2014, foram assassinadas 1024 pessoas por causa de seu trabalho com temas agrários ou relacionados ao meio ambiente. Um caso recente e próximo foi o assassinato de Berta Cácerez, defensora ambientalista de Honduras, no dia 3 de março de 2016.

Berta Cácerez

Portanto, o quarto desafio é trabalhar para que reconheça o trabalho dos defensores de direitos humanos e que elas deixem de ser assassinadas e criminalizadas.

Muito provavelmente, aqueles que leram o conteúdo acima, pensaram que eu quero mudar o mundo. E a verdade é que eu quero, sim, pois acredito que os direitos humanos possuem uma matriz de câmbio social e devemos recuperar seu potencial. Por fim, o trabalho a favor dos direitos humanos tornou-se extremamente técnico – chama-se litígio estratégico, desenho de políticas públicas com enfoque em direitos humanos ou alguma outra denominação sofisticada – e isso é tem como consequência a questão de os direitos humanos serem cada vez menos mobilizadores.

Portanto, o quinto desafio está em recriar o potencial político dos direitos humanos como uma ferramenta de transformação social e também de mobilização a favor das causas populares.

 

----

1 OXFAM. Una economía al servicio del 1%. 18 de janeiro de 2016

http://www.oxfammexico.org/una-economia- al-servicio- del-1/#.V1SOENnhDIU

​Consultado em 5 de junho de 2016

 

2 Colectivo de Coordinación de Acciones Socio ambientales. Extractivismo, Dependencia y Desarrollo.

http://www.colectivocasa.org.bo/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&am... desarrollo&Itemid=124

Consultado em 5 de junho de 2016

 

http://ejatlas.org/

Consultado el 5 de junio de 2016

 

4 Global Witness. ¿Cuántos más? 20 de abril de 2015

https://www.globalwitness.org/en/campaigns/environmental-activists/cuantos- mas/

Consultado 5 de junho de 2016

23.06.2016 Responsible Innovators in Copenhagen: An Urgent Call for Sustainable Fashion

The theme for this year’s Copenhagen Fashion Summit was responsible innovation. However, what I actually came across during my time in Copenhagen (at the world’s largest summit for sustainable fashion) were responsible innovators--entrepreneurial individuals with an action plan for making sustainability the new normal. These responsible innovators and their startups got me really excited about the future of fashion. However, how can we grow a collaborative environment around sustainable fashion that allows influential corporates and responsible innovators to work together?

I arrived in Copenhagen ready to understand what made this city such a haven for sustainably minded professionals. The city aims to become the world's first CO2 neutral capital by 2025, so I had to take the opportunity to cycle along to the Youth Fashion Summit.

The Youth Fashion Summit was a gathering of young innovators from 40 countries, who prepared their own demands for the fashion industry based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs give us a set of targets around 17 themes that we can hope to act upon for a more sustainable world.

I arrived to see the youth innovators pitch their demands to a panel of senior sustainable fashion experts from the likes of H&M and Nike. For example, they demanded “the empowerment and education of workers and consumers”. The power of these young voices stunned the audience and panel, demonstrating the potential impact of young innovators in particular. Later they pitched their demands at the main Copenhagen Fashion Summit and have been noted by many media outlets as a highlight.

One particular quote from Dilys Williams, organiser of the Youth Fashion Summit, stays in my mind: “This is the first generation of people who really understand climate change, and the last ones who can really do anything about it.”

The following day we went along to the Copenhagen Fashion summit, the central gathering of sustainability professionals from the world of fashion. Speakers included Anna Gedda, Head of Sustainability at H&M, Suzy Menkes, International Editor of Vogue and Imran Amed, Founder of The Business of Fashion. It was insightful to hear straight from the minds of the some of the world’s most influential corporations in sustainability (H&M, Nike, LVMH, Kering), and reflect upon their journey so far to responsible innovation. Let us not underestimate the power of the fashion industry which Evie Evangelou, Founder of Fashion 4 Development, reminded us is “the world’s second most polluting industry after the oil industry”. Although it was a unique opportunity to hear from the leaders of corporations, I had hoped to feel a greater sense of urgency for what actions come next. I sensed innovators in the audience shared a desire to get out of their comfort zones and be inspired by new thoughts.

Although panels were gathered to answer questions such as ‘what is the role of the media?’, or ‘will technology save fashion?’, I felt a lacking question was ‘what is the role of entrepreneurs?’ or ‘how can corporates work with start-ups?’. The reason being that responsible innovation can often be embraced more rapidly when agile start-ups work alongside influential corporations. I felt the Copenhagen Fashion Summit would have been a great opportunity to facilitate this type of conversation, which is often hard to come by between entrepreneurs and corporates.

Image: Marianne Caroline Hughes speaking with fashion industry leaders at the Youth Fashion Summit. 

My final day in Copenhagen demonstrated what was possible when influential individuals in sustainable fashion did meet with innovating entrepreneurs and their startups. It was inspiring to be a part of Ashoka’s Fabric of Change programme as their ‘Fabric of Change Blogger’. The Fabric of Change programme, sponsored by the C&A Foundation, shortlisted 10 startups from around the world with convincing solutions for a sustainable apparel industry. The leaders of these startups gathered at Mckinsey in Copenhagen for a workshop with leaders from the sustainable fashion industry. Members of the panel discussion included Jason Kibbey, CEO of The Sustainable Apparel Coalition, Helio Mattar, Founder of Akatu, and Nicole Rycroft, Founder of Canopy. This was a great opportunity for the shortlisted entrepreneurs to pose their most challenging questions to experienced innovators in the field. An especially valuable part of the day was a chance for the entrepreneurs to receive mentoring from them; challenges were shared and progressive plans for tackling them whilst progressing the industry were decided upon. This is exactly the kind of collaboration I had hoped to witness during this important summit in Copenhagen. To me, the Copenhagen Fashion Summit 2016 marked a great opportunity for the world’s most responsible innovators to collaborate. In 2016 we need bold change like never before. We need to hear the story and challenges of not only corporates, but the emerging leaders who step into some of the toughest challenges yet.

Image: Stacy Flynn, Founder and CEO of Evrnu, accepting the Fabric of Change Grand Prize at the Copenhagen Fashion Summit Gala Dinner.

At the Youth Fashion Summit I was inspired by the sense of urgency coming from the voices of our young generation. During the Copenhagen Fashion Summit the reality of the situation hit me, as I realised just how much more work was needed to ensure that we’re on a sustainable runway to conquering some of the world’s greatest industrial challenges. But the real momentum and drive came from those new entrepreneurs stepping up to nominate themselves as the leaders of a big shift in thinking. Stacy Flynn, the Founder of Evrnu, was announced as the winner of the Fabric of Change Award during the Copenhagen Fashion Summit celebration dinner. Her personal drive and motivation is something I know many of us were grateful to be inspired by. She is just one example of what I could call a responsible innovator. I believe responsible innovators are the entrepreneurial minds we truly rely upon to build solutions to secure the future of the fashion industry at the urgent pace needed. Of the next Copenhagen Fashion Summit, I would ask that more responsible innovators are highlighted and get the chance to present their solutions and challenges to the corporate leaders of sustainable fashion.

 

Editor's Note: This article was written by the Fabric of Change challenge's winning Youth Blogger, Marianne Caroline. Follow her on Twitter @M_CarolineH.

Image credits: Copenhagen Fashion Summit

Video by Ashoka and C&A Foundation

22.06.2016 How the Gates Foundation wants to counter Zika

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In the face of global health threats, it’s very unlikely that governments have the resources to invest in research. What they do have, though, is the accountability of a distinguished humanitarian foundation run by one of the richest people in the world.

Privately funded humanitarian organizations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have the resources to invest in innovative approaches to solving the world’s most pressing problems. The Foundation — worth $39.6 billion — has the autonomy and the money to invest in “high-risk science” with no financial reward, Gates Foundation CEO Susan Desmond-Hellmann told the Wall Street Journal.

The Gates Foundation is expected to have a response to the threat of Zika Virus, which is creating panic due to the potentially fatal effects transmission can have on a fetus. Furthermore, concerns about international transmissions are heightening with the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympic Games coming up; Brazil is a nation with ongoing transmissions of the virus via mosquitoes.

According to Desmond-Hellmann, the Foundation figures it’s most effective to utilize the ‘grand challenges’ model in response to this complex threat. With this model, the Foundation utilizes its private sector connections in order to invest in innovative yet expensive research. The Foundation plans to fund research projects which will investigate if infecting mosquitoes with a bacteria could make them less capable of transmitting the virus to humans.

Hear more in the video below, courtesy The Wall Street Journal.

Video of tuacNpA2iqE

Video: The Wall Street Journal

 

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22.06.2016 Women Thrive is Changing the Narrative on Grassroots Women and Girls

Emily Bove June 22, 2016

Women Thrive Alliance members are grassroots organizations who, every day, work to make gender equality a reality in their communities. One step at a time, they dismantle patriarchal structures, change gender norms and attitudes, build support for their vision for an equal society, and expand opportunities for the women and girls they work for. 

These change-makers – women, girls, men and boys – are united by the belief that when women and girls get a seat at the decision-making table, policies and programs are better shaped to successfully eradicate violence against women, increase women’s economic opportunities, and ensure equitable access to education for all.

Our members are powerful, fearless, impactful, and highly skilled change-makers. But, they often feel like the rest of the world does not see them that way. Last week, one of them told me “We need to change the narrative.”

I couldn’t agree more.

Grassroots women and girls are the most untapped resource in the world.  They are not a powerless social group needing to be saved.  Their determination, innovative problem-solving, and ability to mobilize for change continue to make an impact every day in lives of millions.  

In almost every rural community in sub-Saharan Africa, you will find networks, support systems, and/or associations of women leading their communities’ development. These women don’t meet once a week to check-in. Rather, they build infrastructure, create revolving funds, provide schooling and after-school services to children in their communities, and advocate for their rights within their households, villages, districts, and countries.

In Zimbabwe, Alliance member ZuboTrust managed to integrate women into the male-only fishing industry by advocating with local leaders, government officials, and their families and communities.

In DRC, Alliance member CFAD self-funded a 6 month program to find female candidates for local elections, and created a voter education program for women.

In Afghanistan, Alliance member AWSDC conducted a three-day national conference on “Women’s Status in Islam”, bringing together 300 religious scholars and civil society representatives to discuss how they can join forces to eliminate violence against women in Afghanistan.

In Madagascar, Alliance member Youth First organized the first national girl’s assembly to ensure young girls had a role in the planning of the country’s gender action plan.

These are just a few examples.  Around the world, our Alliance members work tirelessly for gender equality. 

Grassroots women and girls don’t need us to teach them how to raise their communities out of poverty. Rather, the development community needs them to implement locally owned, relevant, and gender transformative development initiatives. Their leadership is alive and well, but it is often invisible to an outsider’s eye.

When development practitioners set foot in new locations to implement programs, they rarely connect with the local change-makers because they don’t take the necessary time to identify these change-makers, interact with them, and build their trust. Dialogue with these women’s groups usually starts after a project launch, leaving women and girls on the outskirts of the development processes they should be leading.   

Grassroots women and girls can and should set the agenda.

When women and girls have a seat at the decision-making table, policies and programs are better shaped to successfully eradicate violence against women, increase women’s economic opportunities, and ensure equitable access to education for all. Over the past three years, Women Thrive leveraged its convening power to bring together a formidable coalition of members.  As an alliance, we pushed the agenda on quality, inclusive, equitable education and secured the adoption of desired language on the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal 4. Members were able to participate substantively and successfully in global policymaking.  Their voices were heard.

How do we change the narrative?

  • We build grassroots advocates’ skills so they can reach new audiences and supporters.
  • We collaborate directly with grassroots women and girls, rather than inviting them to join unequal partnerships. Having grassroots advocates personally meet decision-makers, speak at panels, and give interviews makes a difference.  The messenger matters.
  • We let women and girls lead their way – the way that works in their communities.
  • We collect data that proves their solutions and leadership make a difference.

In the coming months, Women Thrive Alliance and its members will be doing just that.

Together, we will change the narrative. 

22.06.2016 América Latina y Derechos Humanos

Cuando hablamos de América Latina es posible que pensemos que la realidad de  los países que la integran es cercana y comparten muchas cosas. Eso fue lo que en algún momento llevó a Simón Bolivar a plantearse el proyecto de Patria Grande. Sin embargo, al vernos a nosotros mismo, lo que encontramos es un continente que vive numerosos contrastes, explora diversos caminos y suma gran número de retos.

Quedaron atrás las dictaduras militares y en la actualidad casi todos los países viven una regularidad democrática. Sin embargo la ilusión del voto como herramienta de cambio social, quedo en eso,  mera ilusión; la democracia electoral ha mostrado sus estrechos márgenes para atender y dar respuestas a las necesidades sociales.

Hasta hace un año una parte de América Latina, específicamente la parte sur, había elegido a gobiernos provenientes de la izquierda e aparentemente más dispuestos en atender los problemas de pobreza, desigualdad, impunidad y un largo etcétera. Ahí estaban Brasil, Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Venezuela, Ecuador, entre otros.

Ese panorama recientemente cambia y algunos de esos países, como un péndulo, ahora regresean a gobierno conservadores. El caso más extremo es Brasil donde mediante una especie de juicio político suspende de sus funciones a Dilma Rousseff y el presidente en funciones da un viraje total a la política nacional.

En síntesis, contamos con democracia electoral, con gobiernos de casi cualquier signo político y a pesar de esos seguimos enfrentando serios y graves problemas de derechos humanos.

Entonces el primer desafío está en cómo darle efectividad a lo que en su momento la Cumbre de Viena señaló en 1993: La democracia, el desarrollo y el respeto de los derechos humanos y de las libertades fundamentales son conceptos interdependientes que se refuerzan mutuamente.

Otro asunto que aqueja cada vez a América Latina es la desigualdad. OXFAM en su informe Una economía al servicio del 1%[1], alerta de la siguiente manera. La brecha entre ricos y pobres está alcanzando nuevas cotas. Recientemente, Credit Suisse ha revelado que el 1% más rico de la población mundial acumula más riqueza que el 99% restante.

Nuestro continente es parte de esta realidad y el panorama no es alentador. El mismo OXFAM lo describe diciendo que los datos sobre la participación en los ingresos mundiales ponen de manifiesto que la desigualdad de ingresos a nivel interpersonal es enormemente elevada, y que los principales beneficiarios del crecimiento total son los individuos que se sitúan en el extremo superior de la escala de distribución de los ingresos.

El desafío de hacer frente a la desigualdad es la forma de trabajar de manera constante en el cumplimiento y satisfacción de los Derechos Económicos, Sociales, Culturales y Ambientales (DESCA). Que el trabajo, la salud, la educación, la vivienda adecuada no sigan siendo vistas como aspiraciones sino derechos, a los cuales hay que dotar de recursos y políticas públicas idóneas para una sociedad enormemente dispar; es decir que contemple acciones diferencias pues en nuestros países existen sectores de la población que nunca han tenido acceso a estos derechos y por tanto se encuentran en una profunda desventaja que se debe revertir.

Un tercer desafío tiene que ver con la idea de desarrollo. Hoy en América Latina el desarrollo está asociado al extractivismo y a la imposición de mega proyectos. La primera entendida como una forma de organizar la economía de un país, basado en una alta dependencia de la extracción intensiva (en grandes volúmenes) de Recursos Naturales, con muy bajo procesamiento (valor agregado) y destinado para su exportación[2]. La segunda es la realización de importantes inversiones para imponer enormes proyectos turísticos, carreteras, puertos, etc.

Estos dos procesos tienen serias consecuencias sobre la vida de personas y comunidades campesinas e indígenas,  pues para realizar la extracción y la explotación de su territorio,  se les tiene que despojar de su hábitat y muchas veces obligarlos a desplazarse del mismo. De acuerdo con el Atlas de Justicia Ambiental[3] en la actualidad están documentados 1750 conflictos ambientales en el planeta.

Esta conflictividad tiene otra violenta perspectiva, la muertes de cientos de defensoras y defensores del medio ambiente.  De acuerdo con el informe de Global Witness, ¿Cuántos más?[4], entre los años 2002 y 2014 fueron asesinados 1024 personas a consecuencia de su trabajo en temas agrarios o medioambientales. Un caso reciente y cercano fue el asesinato de Berta Cácerez, defensora ambientalista hondureña, el pasado 3 de marzo de 2016.

Por tanto el cuarto desafío es trabajar para que se reconozca el trabajo de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos y dejen de ser asesinadas y criminalizadas.

Muy probablemente quienes hayan leído lo anterior, pensarán que en realidad quiero cambiar el mundo. La verdad es que sí, pues creo que los derechos humanos tienen una matriz de cambio social y debemos recuperar su potencial. En el último tiempo el trabajo en favor de los derechos humanos se ha vuelto enormemente técnico –llamase litigio estratégico, diseño de políticas públicas con enfoque de derechos humanos o alguna otra denominación sofisticada- y eso ha tenido como consecuencia que los derechos humanos sean cada vez menos movilizadores.

Por tanto el quinto desafío está en recrear el potencial político de los derechos humanos como una herramienta de transformación social y también de movilización en favor de las causas populares.

 

**Edgar Cortez: Es investigador del Instituto Mexicano de Derechos Humanos y Democracia (IMDHD) en la Ciudad de México.

 

[1] OXFAM. Una economía al servicio del 1%. 18 de enero de 2016

http://www.oxfammexico.org/una-economia-al-servicio-del-1/#.V1SOENnhDIU

Consultado el 5 de junio de 2016.

[2] Colectivo de Coordinación de Acciones Socio ambientales. Extractivismo, Dependencia y Desarrollo.

http://www.colectivocasa.org.bo/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=140:extractivismo-dependencia-y-desarrollo&Itemid=124

Consultado el 5 de junio de 2016

[3] http://ejatlas.org/

Consultado el 5 de junio de 2016

[4] Global Witness. ¿Cuántos más? 20 de abril de 2015

https://www.globalwitness.org/en/campaigns/environmental-activists/cuantos-mas/

Consultado 5 de junio de 2016

21.06.2016 We are together: How a refugee’s story helped me write my own

Kigali, Rwanda. Photo by Flickr user oledoe.


I’ve only seen the film Hotel Rwanda twice.

The first time, I was alone on my parents’ couch in small-town Oklahoma. I tend to want to be emotionally prepared for heavy films with difficult subject matter, but when do you ever feel prepared enough to bear witness to such a magnitude of senseless violence and tragedy as what happened in Rwanda?

The answer is never, so I finally just took a deep breath and hit play.

Continue reading at Kiva's Medium page -->>

21.06.2016 How to Sell on Instagram for SMBs: 2016 Social Media Series

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

As promised, we’re back we’re going to explore the wonderful world of selling on Instagram. Sales in the Land of Instagram First, let’s define terms. I think words matter. We can all go further, together, when we take a moment to find a common starting point when we’re talking about sales or selling — or anything for that matter. It’s not… read more →

The post How to Sell on Instagram for SMBs: 2016 Social Media Series appeared first on Return On Now.

20.06.2016 How Young People in Africa Can Succeed and Drive a New Future of “Work” - Insights from the #AfricaYouthFwd TwitterChat

If you’ve ever been in sub-Saharan Africa, you’ve probably seen a chicken crossing a road. The funny thing is, that chicken might be key to solving one of the world’s most pressing problems: poverty.

For starters, they’re inexpensive to take care of, as Bill Gates wrote in his development blog. They’re also a good investment, helping chicken breeders make hundreds of dollars extra every year. And anyone—women and young people included—can get into the business.

Look at the impact the chicken-centered social enterprise Poult Vault, Inc. is making. Poult Vault, located in Camaroon, helps individuals become poultry entrepreneurs.

“When it comes to addressing the increasing gap between youth and employment opportunities, Poult Vault Inc, in Cameroon, is leading the way,” Reem Rahman, Associate Director of the Learning Lab at Changemakers, explained.

“Poult Vault provides training on poultry keeping, marketing, and entrepreneurship, including business development and hiring. And that’s in addition to increasing access to nutritious local foods, turning poultry manure into biogas for households, and producing organic fertilizers for more than 500 farms.”

Better health, better environment, stronger communities. There is a chicken “but,” however. 

“No single chicken business alone can be a silver bullet for solving the future of youth employment,” Rahman said. “But the creative drive to turn a local community’s greatest challenges into widespread opportunity just might be.”

Beyond the chicken coop, there are many possibilities for young people to change the definition of “work” and drive a future with more opportunity in Africa. To explore these possibilities, @changemakers hosted a #AfricaYouthFwd Twitter chat with Future Forward network members from across Africa. What follows are the major takeaways, in case you missed the discussion.

What opportunities are unique to young people growing up in Africa?

You can even turn a hobby into an income generator as long as you provide value that is in demand @changemakers #AfricaYouthFwd

— Regina Honu (@ragyare) June 3, 2016

There are many, given the continent’s bulging youth population. Agriculture is a major one, as many farmers are in their later years and Africa’s smallholders will be counted on to produce the bulk of the world’s food in the coming decades. But as panelist and Soronoko Solutions founder Regina Honu said, “From agriculture to technology to tourism, healthcare and entrepreneurship, the opportunities are endless.”

“The fact that there are problems of youth unemployment means there are great opportunities for employment creation,” added Grandson Shipangula, panelist and founder of Youth Employment Creation Initiative.

Making a difference in your spare time? “You can even turn a hobby into an income generator, as long as you provide value that is in demand,” said Honu.

What are ways for young people to build their 21st century resumes?

Real-world experience counts, especially considering the state of so many school systems (which, according to employers, graduate talent unprepared to meet their hiring needs).

The best way to get this experience? Volunteer, by unanimous decision by the panel and the participating chatters. Internships, apprencitechips, and similar opporunities can open doors in the future—not only because of hands-on work, but also because of the networks you’ll join. 

Another angle: “Pursuing online education (MOOCs) and translating that knowledge to skills through practice in projects,” said Alwaleed Abdeen.

Whatever your path, seek out a mentor and don’t sleep on startup services, whether hubs or incubators, which can provide you with the guidance and feedback you need to succeed. Some may even point you in the direction of financing. 

A2. Pursuing online education (MOOC) and translating that knowledge to skills through practice in projects & volunteering.#AfricaYouthFwd

— Alwaleed Abdeen (@Alwaleed_Abdeen) June 3, 2016

 

Advice to young people who still yearn for affirmation, or expect fulfillment, from a traditional job title?

You can do anything you set your mind to. Don’t believe it? Check out the Future Forward blog, which has stories of young people new to entrepreneurship who took it upon themselves to take on a social challenge—and succeeded.

Frustrated by long-time unemployment?

“Dont wait to be 'picked' to get a sense of your value,” said self-described recovering lawyer Kudzi Siphiwe. “‘Pick’ and value yourself.”

“Look beyond the title on your way to define your expertise and the solution you seek. Titles are temporary and changing,” added TechChange.

@changemakers #AfricaYouthFwd As a recovering lawyer I'd say dont wait to be 'picked' to get a sense of your value, 'pick' & value yourself

— Kudzi (@Kudzi_Siphiwe) June 3, 2016

MobileAccord President Steve Gutterman chimed in with this: “Think more about the impact you are making in a company than an official title and take on tasks that set you apart.”

And never hesitate to reach out to your peers. Seek out like-minded, aspiring innovators and be the change.

“The more youth work together, the more difficult it becomes to ignore them,” said Simon Wachieni, the social entrepreneur behind Nutri-Fresh and AgriHub.

A final thought from ​Sianeh Heanneah Farwenee, a panelist and advocate for children’s rights:

“Let's begin to look at things from new perspectives as young Africans and leave the old systems that have failed Africa.

 “When we expand our horizons and immerse ourselves in the unfamiliar, we create lasting solutions to problems.”

Did you enjoy the #AfricaYouthFwd Twitterchat? Are there more topics you wish to discuss? Keep the conversation going on Twitter and share your feedback with @changemakers!

Top image by Ben Grey

20.06.2016 In honor of World Refugee Day