Alltop répertorie de nombreux articles sur l'entrepreneuriat social à travers le monde.

28.08.2015 HammerHead Ethnika Furniture

In Nigeria, furniture by Tony Akudinobi:
This union called Hammerhead Ethnika has grown into a 10,000 square feet of space, gifted and skilled craftsmen; concentrated supervision and the creation.

27.08.2015 Global Ideas News Brief: Including women in financial inclusion


Financial inclusion

Rwanda's gender gap: banks must stop failing female entrepreneurs
The Guardian
In Rwanda, only 35 percent of women have a bank account. This is holding some women back from developing their own businesses


The three wonders of the ancient world solving modern water problems
The Guardian
In Peru, Kenya and India, NGOs are helping communities overcome water scarcity using wisdom from the past

Human rights

Casting a Tight Net
Stanford Social Innovation Review
The exploitation of workers in the Thai seafood industry is one of the worst examples of human rights abuse in the world today. Humanity United is pursuing a strategy that combines carrots and sticks—collaboration and activism—to confront that problem.

Red Cross scandal

Red Cross CEO Tried to Kill Government Investigation
Despite public vows of transparency, CEO Gail McGovern lobbied a congressman to spike an inquiry by the Government Accountability Office.

Why [Buzzword] Won’t Save the World
Stanford Social Innovation Review
Remember when computer centers were going to save the world? The first project I ever worked on was going to be revolutionary: My team and I were going to transform the lives of poor students in the townships of South Africa, and we were going to do it with computers.

What if global development was funded by developing countries' money?
The Guardian
Increasing bank deposits and investing pension funds differently could reduce developing countries’ reliance on international donors


Before the Backlash, Let’s Redefine User-Centered Design
Stanford Social Innovation Review
We must better understand user-centered design’s limitations—not just its strengths—in the context of international development. And we must adapt it from its original uses designing commercial products to solving for social good.

Financial inclusion

Pacific Islands: a collective drive towards financial inclusion
The Pacific Islands – including Fiji, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, East Timor, the Solomon Islands, Tonga, and others – have plenty or reason to work together.


If you really want to fight terrorism, start by fighting child poverty
The Guardian
Poor people have no stake in nations and economies that ignore them – governments must recognise residents of slums as full citizens, not squatters

Improving The Lives Of 15,000 Women In Rwanda
Cherie Blaire Foundation for Women blog
Numbers are great, but for me, the story is far more interesting. “We’re impacting 15,000 women in Rwanda with this financial inclusion programme”, I’ve almost casually informed people over the past 12 months. However, the actual impact of what we’re doing hit me far more clearly with one lady’s story.

Articles You Might Like: 
Visualizing Financial Inclusion (and Shaping It)
Children who Work
Water ATMs bring new meaning to pay-as-you go

27.08.2015 'Red Origins' - An Animated Series

On Kickstarter, Alyssa Klein reports in Okay Africa:

Red Origins is an animated series currently in development from Kolanut Productions, a Los Angeles-based animation, comic, and gaming production company that focuses primarily on what the creators refer to as the untapped and emerging market of “African Magical Futurism.” The show follows the young characters of Obi, Temi and John as they mystically get transported to 2070 Neo Africa. “Upon arrival they mistakenly break a bronze taboo and are forced to join a Peacekeeping Magical Juju Force,” reads a synopsis. “In order to return home they must help stop a brewing war between Ancestral Africa and Neo Technological Africa.”
More here

27.08.2015 The "Aba Made" Shoe & Leather Industry

Within one of Nigeria'a industrial clusters, A local 'Milan' long time in the making, Eromo Egbejule of Ventures Africa reports:
When it comes to what they put on their feet, Nigerians tend to seek out prominent international brands, but there’s a sophisticated and growing leather shoe manufacturing operation in Nigeria’s large South Eastern market town of Aba that’s making all the right steps.

image via Ventures Africa
On a sunny afternoon in Aba, a large commercial town in the Igbo-dominated area of South Eastern Nigeria, the Shoe Plaza in Ariaria market buzzes with activity. Abba Ugwu, who is over six feet tall, sits head bowed and bare-chested, humming local gospel tunes while he works, attaching straps to a batch of unfinished leather shoes. He lifts one after the other from a large pile to his right and gently lays on glue like a dedicated gourmet chef garnishing a new dish.

He is not alone. There are many like him in the hundreds of similar shops that make up Power Line Street and Shoe Plaza here in this busy Nigerian commercial node. Their dedication to the work is extraordinary, with many toiling from dusk till dawn, pulling all-nighters and even staying for days at a time in the market without going home just to beat production deadlines...[more]

26.08.2015 Can You Calculate Social Media ROI?

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

I’ve been a bootstrappy, DIY, organic lead gen, jargon-slinging social media pro since way back. What I mean by that is, my social media and content marketing clients have been small and medium businesses and nonprofits. Even when I work with big Fortune 500 companies, it’s typically with a small internal business unit within one of their marketing departments. And that means, so far,… read more →

The post Can You Calculate Social Media ROI? appeared first on Return On Now.

26.08.2015 3D printing: the future of manufacturing medicine?

Katharine Sanderson in the Pharmaceutical Journal:
As the pharmaceutical industry shifts from mass manufacture towards personalised medicine, 3D printing could become part of the drug production line.
...For Lee Cronin, a chemist at the University of Glasgow in Scotland, the developing world is where 3D drug-printing would be most useful. “Personalisation is the ‘sexy’ driver but I think distribution and reach are the winners here — especially in the developing world,” Cronin says. He has his own take on 3D printing — he is developing a system called reactionware, in which a 3D printer prints out the necessary kit to perform the entire synthesis of any molecule.
image via Math.Harvard

“I would get away from 3D printing as a concept and more look at the 3D printer as a cheap configurable chemical and formulation robot,” he says. In Cronin’s reactionware, the chemical starting materials are printed, as is the equipment needed to mix, transfer, analyse and purify the molecule. “We are making big strides in combining chemical synthesis, purification and control within the devices,” Cronin says. Without the need for specialised equipment (the printer does everything), reactionware has the potential to enable poor and remote communities to manufacture any drug they need.

Wildman is also excited about the idea of using 3D printing to increase access to medicines. “You could create mini factories distributed and set up for the most frequent type of drugs used,” he says. In remote locations, the ‘factory’ would be the local pharmacy, he suggests.
More here

25.08.2015 Social Impact Jobs August 2015

Photo courtesy of  Sanergy

It's no secret that connections, conversations, and collaboration help to accelerate social change. We witness this daily, whether we're at game-changing summits on the state of entrepreneurship or hosting a conference that brings together social entrepreneurs working across issue areas. At Echoing Green, we are always working to extend our network of support, and to connect social impact champions from all over the globe who want to chisel away at the world's biggest problems. Maybe this month, this means you. Take a moment to look at the positions available at these world-class organizations. You never know—a purposeful partnership could be waiting!

Changes Afoot

Do you enjoy our monthly round up of jobs? We're about to make it even easier to find social impact job opportunities—and with greater frequency! Stay up-to-date on the latest openings by following #socialimpactjobs on Twitter. See you on social!

Echoing Green

Director, Work on Purpose Senior Associate, BMA Fellows

Senior Associate, Fellowship Programs

Coordinator, Fellowship Programs

Fellows' Organizations

Multiple roles (San Francisco) Multiple roles (Various locations) Director of Business Operations (San Francisco) Truck Coach
(New York)
Mutliple roles (Nairobi) Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (New York)
Multiple roles (San Francisco) Multiple roles (Various locations) Creative Director (New York) Multiple roles (Various locations)
Associate Director of Development (New York) Multiple roles (Various locations) Resource Manager (San Francisco) Multiple roles (Various locations)
Multiple roles (Mexico City)  Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (San Francisco) Multiple roles (Nairobi)
Director of Development (Boston) Multiple roles
Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (Lagos)

Global Opportunities

Multiple roles
(Various locations)
Director, Stevens Institute (Washington, D.C.)

Multiple roles (Various locations)

Multiple roles (Various locations)
Chief Executive Officer (Toronto) Multiple roles (New York) Multiple roles (Various locations) Program Intern
(New York)
Multiple roles (Boston) Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (Various locations)
Senior Advisor, Science and Strategy (Washington, D.C.) Multiple roles (Various locations) Multiple roles (Various locations) Chief Executive Officer (New York)


Related Posts 

Social Impact Jobs July 2015

Take a role in the social impact movement by applying your talent to a job that is right for you, and good for the world. Go »

GES 2015: Collaboration Fuels the Future of Entrepreneurship

We need to improve our ability to identify, develop and connect talented individuals, particularly from across sub-Saharan Africa. Go »

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24.08.2015 Wealth out of waste: Rang De borrowers in Bangalore

Rohit Parakh is the President of Rang De UK Chapter and an avid Rang De supporter. Here he writes about his recent visit to Bangalore where he caught up with some waste management entrepreneurs that Rang De had funded.


After being involved with Rang De as a volunteer for what seems like forever I was quite excited to visit Rang De’s borrowers who run dry waste collection centres (DWCC) with Hasirudula during my recent trip to India. Being my first field visit, I wasn’t sure what to expect but was keen to learn.

Our first stop was to meet Sadashivaiah who runs a dry waste collection centre in Yeshwanthpur, Bengaluru.… Read further

21.08.2015 Advice to a Younger Me: Kisirisa Muhammed, AFFCAD

WHO? Kisirisa Muhammed, 27, the founder of Action for Fundamental Change and Development (AFFCAD).
WHAT? AFFCAD is an entrepreneurship and leadership training organization in Bwaise, the largest slum in Kampala, Uganda.
HOW? Glad you asked.

We run a youth center called Bwaise Employment Youth Center that we founded in 2013 to engage young people in Kampala’s poorest slum area. What we do is train young people through vocational skills, leadership, entrepreneurship, financial literacy, and professional development skills to help them become self-employed or find employment.

We use this model called "Learn, Earn and Save." So during the first process of learning, the young people go through a training of vocational skills alongside with entrepreneurship skills, financial literacy, and leadership skills. Then they are asked to look for clients after two months of training, because by then they have immediate skills and they’ve also learned financial literacy. So when they start earning money, we encourage them to save 20% of their income that they generate through the services they provide the community. And ideally, the money they save, it’s something that helps them after they graduate from the program, so they have some sort of money that they can use as start up capital.

Last year, we had 556 young people successfully complete the training program and graduate. And 311 young people had full employment by October 2014 and 20 percent of them were self-employed.

We recruit young people who have not been to school, who don’t know how to read and write, who are dealing in sex work to survive, who sell drugs, who are unemployed, who just lack anything to do with their future.


Right now, I'm just happy we can run an initiative that empowers and recruits 600 to 800 young people every year, and we are able to transform them into people who are now owning businesses—they're actually able to employ other young people—and who come out to motivate other young people. And for me, as a young social entrepreneur, I'm immensely proud.

It's young people who are facing very many challenges, and mostly they are not involved in the development processes. So they can't be part of that future they want to have.

If we're talking about having young people as the majority of the population, we need to actually involve them. We need to involve them, to empower them, give them the right spaces, give them the right opportunities, give them the right skills and capacity, and mentorship to make sure that they can be that which they want to be.


We had a challenge of people trusting us, because they know our identity as young people—they don't believe we can do what we say or believe that we have a vision.

We focus so much on trying to empower young people, economically, professionally, but also we never think about other things like health and entertainment, which make a young person. We have been struggling with the pull-out factors than the pull-in factors. Young people can easily be pulled out to go back in sex work, gambling, drug abuse. So we had to find out ways to keep young people in the program, which included entertainment TV, fashion walks, beach parties, exhibitions, conferences….


I come from Bwaise. That is me. I started working at the age of 11. And I don't feel like any other young person should go through the same—collecting garbage, collect scrap. And young girls at the age 12 and 13 years, engaging in sex work, they will die without seeing any future, because they sleep with men who have HIV. I believe I was born to serve. And I’ll serve. That is my purpose on Earth. I continue being motivated to stay with my organization, with or without pay, because that is my purpose. There is no reason why those things should exist.

I always want my community to be better. I like my fellow young people to be better. That’s what keeps me going.


I'm one of the happiest people because of what I do. I'm passionate about it. I like it. I want to see young people thrive. I want to see development. I want to see people smile at the end of the day.

Everything is possible. It’s not too late to start. Young people like to talk, but words don’t bring change.

No matter where you come from, no matter how small you are, no matter how young you are, you can do some small thing that can contribute and change very many people's lives.

Everyone can make a difference. You just need to start moving.


This blog post, organized by Ashoka Changemakers Associate Kennerley Roper, is part of the podcast series "Advice to a Younger Me," where social entrepreneurs from the Class of 2015 American Express Emerging Innovators talk about their experiences in launching their social ventures. Stay tuned for more podcasts from our other innovators, and search the hashtag #amexleads on Twitter for insights on innovation and leadership.

20.08.2015 Entrepreneurship is (or Should Be) Gender Neutral

(3BL Media and Just Means)--I hate the term “female entrepreneurship.” We don’t call entrepreneurial endeavors led by men, “male entrepreneurship.” We just call it entrepreneurship. Unintentionally or not, “female entrepreneurship” implies a rare, or “wow, women can start and lead businesses? Really? Since when,” distinction. The gap widens as we separate the genders into distinct categories. I’m not the only one calling for us to crack the glass for equality on this ceiling.

Astia does, too. A San Fran-based nonprofit, Astia funds women-led ventures not because it’s trendy, but because the ventures are highly innovative and high performance. They know that in the last 20 years, because of increased access to higher education and changing views of gender roles around the globe, women are more empowered to launch their own businesses and own organizations with big products for big markets. Astia identifies the world’s top women leaders and connects them with angel investors for a shift of focus from our differences—a one percent biological difference—and social rules to a synergistic alliance among all business leaders.

In a 2014 white paper called Investing in the Success of Women High-Growth Entrepreneurs, their Teams and their Ventures, Astia makes this statement:

“We are not interested in the overgeneralized, decades‐long debate on how men and women intrinsically compare as a bifurcated set in terms of their business acumen and performance.  We’re also not advocating a platform that companies should win investment because women are at the helm.”

Astia’s interests, however, are to identify companies who manage “their inclusivity quotient for high performance by engaging women and men at the top levels of high-growth organizations.” They estimate only 10,000 women “supernovas” exist and will reach their pinnacle in their business leadership by 2020.

“The emergence of a robust marketplace for female entrepreneurial talent allows us then to side-step all the debates and discriminatory practices (intentional or not) that seek to identify some inherent difference in business women and business men that will somehow create a reliable order in a messy, social system influenced by centuries of potent gender rules,” states Astia’s white paper.

It’s a theory backed by MIT research. Professor Thomas Malone says that smart teams consist of three components: The average of the social perceptiveness of the group members; the evenness of the conversational participation; the proportion of women in the group. He is quoted saying: “If a team includes more women, its collective intelligence rises.”

High-performance, impact-driven entrepreneurship is gender-neutral. The more women and men partner together the more we will grow our economy and solve the world’s most pressing problems—as entrepreneurs, as business leaders, working together in buildings where ceilings do not exist. 

Check out Startup Owl for more wisdom on entrepreneurship. 

Thursday, August 20, 2015 - 3:30pm

20.08.2015 GES 2015: Collaboration Fuels the Future of Entrepreneurship

2015 Global Fellow Jehiel Oliver, founder of Hello Tractor, speaks at the GES 2015 opening panel. 

By Cheryl Dorsey

At the sixth annual Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) last month, I had the honor of joining President Obama, corporate leaders, and entrepreneurs—including several Echoing Green Fellows—to collaborate on growing the global entrepreneurial movement. Held in Nairobi, this year’s convening was strongly focused on Africa as a hub of innovation in entrepreneurship. Over the past few years, Echoing Green has noticed steady growth in the number of Fellowship applications we receive from East African entrepreneurs, and we’ve seen growth in the infrastructure and support for these leaders and their businesses. The presence of the GES Summit in Nairobi, a social impact hub, underscores this fact. As I represented Echoing Green and our efforts to support leaders who bring fresh perspectives to solve age old problems, I was inspired to be among so many others recognizing the extraordinary potential of innovation and entrepreneurship in Africa.

Key to ensuring the success and impact of these innovative enterprises is to invest in the leadership development of these entrepreneurs and provide them access to a network of support. It was encouraging to see members of the Echoing Green community doing their part to foster partnerships and connections. Several Fellows and partners were recognized for their innovative solutions during the Summit:

  • Jehiel Oliver, 2015 Global Fellow and founder of Hello Tractor, participated in the opening plenary panel with President Obama and President Kenyatta. Jehiel, one of three young entrepreneurs selected to appear on stage with these heads of state, shared the ambitions of Hello Tractor to combat food insecurity in Nigeria using SMS technology and their signature “Smart Tractors” to service over 100,000 farmers. 
  • The work of 2010 Global Fellows Kennedy Odede and Jessica Posner, founders of Shining Hope for Communities (SHOFCO), were acknowledged by both President Kenyatta and President Obama. Kennedy was able to tell President Obama about SHOFCO’s  tuition-free girls’ school, holistic community development model, and hopes for expansion during a meeting with the Members of Civil Society in Kenya. The President’s advice for them? If SHOFCO can work in Kibera, it can work anywhere across Africa.
  • Kwami Williams, 2014 Global Fellow and co-founder of MoringaConnect, delivered a pitch that landed him the Africa Impact Prize Award of $10,000. Kwami and co-founder Emily Cunningham are working with smallholder farmers growing moringa trees in Ghana to turn the seeds into high-value oils. Their goal is to eradicate poverty and alleviate hunger.
  • Lindsay Stradley, co-founder of 2011 Global Fellow organization Sanergy, was invited to participate on a panel at the GES Youth and Women Event. She discussed how entrepreneurship can be leveraged to address social challenges. Sanergy is building a sanitation network in Africa by designing its own toilets, franchising them out to entrepreneurs then converting the waste into fertilizer sold to farmers.

These social entrepreneurs and their organizations are prime examples of what can emerge when partners recognize and invest in innovative leaders and their bold ideas. In order to continue the momentum of GES 2015, it is imperative to keep the connections and conversations going. Our collaboration will help ease the challenges faced by entrepreneurs striving to make positive change in Africa, and create further movement for leaders like Jehiel, Kennedy, Jessica, Kwami, and Lindsay.

Related Posts 

Africa's Next-Generation Social Entrepreneurs Are Ready. Are We?

We need to improve our ability to identify, develop and connect talented individuals, particularly from across sub-Saharan Africa. Go »

Breaking Boundaries to Solve Global Development Problems

While global funding structures tend to be siloed – focused on specific issues or target countries – we know that social entrepreneurs are best-in-class at breaking down silos. Go »

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19.08.2015 How Do You Make It Rain When The Sun Always Shines?

You hear sales professionals talk about the mysterious 'rainmaker.' A 'rainmaker' in sales is a top performer, the one who makes all the sales all the time. For those of you that like to go to the strip clubs you are also familiar with the term 'make it rain,' because that's what is done when you toss money at a stripper who makes you happy. The common denominator in both these situations, is when it rains with money, people are happy. The sales professional is happy because he just made money, and the stripper is happy because she just made money. This is the only time in life when rain makes us happier than sun. In sales, when the sun is shining, pockets are empty, and you've hit a dry spot like out in the desert. No, sunshine is not a good thing for sales, because everybody wants to make it rain.

Let's break down the word rain and discuss why RAIN is a good thing!

R -- that stands for Rapport. That's right we are going to really break this down to the ridiculous! When you get in front of a prospect or have them on the telephone, the first thing you want to do is build rapport. Do this by having a conversation with the person. I don't think of them as a potential sale, but of a person that is looking for a solution to a problem yet to be discussed. Why else do you think they returned your phone call, or agreed to meet with you? They are curious how you can help them with something they've been trying to resolve but have been unsuccessful. Here is where you become a professional listener! (You're going to need it soon!)

A -- stands for Affliction. What keeps your prospect up at night? What bothers them? Are they worried about their mortgage? Wondering if they'll be able to afford college for their kids? You have to listen for those clues. Sometimes your prospect won't come out and say them, it's the words they don't say that a rainmaker hears and weaves those pain points into the conversation. Right here is a perfect opportunity to make it rain for you and your prospect! Here is where the prospect kind of goes off into a 'I wish I had' or 'that would be nice' state of mind. It's a real quick moment, so pay attention! The prospect wishes or 'aspires' to accomplish something. Grab that umbrella, it's about to rain!

I -- is for Impact. Now the rain is coming slowly but steadily. Here you want to make your prospect aware of the consequences and advantages of acting or not acting today. Basically, spell it out for them. If you leave without them taking advantage of your offer, your prospect will still have the same problem they had before you came in. However, if they take advantage of your offer today, right now, they are on their way to getting rid of that mortgage, stopping those bill collectors from calling, etc. Make it real to them by using their words they said to you at the 'Affliction and Aspiration' stage. Just repeat what they said they want to do, or what they want to happen but haven't been able to make happen. Help your prospect by guiding them into your 'Rain!'
N -- this is the New Reality of where the prospect is now. Here is where the rain comes! The prospect signs the contract, shakes your hand and looks forward to using the new solution to their problem(s). Right here is where it has been made real for the prospect. Realizing they need you more than they thought and the new reality of the situation is that their life will be better once they have your product in hand.
I enjoy writing about these kinds of things because I'm always able to reference real life situations I've experienced to the content. I'm not asking for a donation, but feel free to do that if you care about me drinking enough coffee to keep my brain amped up!

Or you could join me in this weight loss journey I'm on with ViSalus. Click on the word 'ViSalus' to get more info -- get paid to give parties, and lose weight! Sounds like utopia right? It is.

19.08.2015 Increase Conversion Rates by Speeding Up Your Site [Infographic]

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

When you think about all of the things that make your online presence great, what are some attributes that come to mind? Engaging content? An aesthetically appealing design? Good social interactions? What about website speed? ¼ of all website visitors will abandon your page if it doesn’t load within four seconds. What does this mean? If your website doesn’t load fast… read more →

The post Increase Conversion Rates by Speeding Up Your Site [Infographic] appeared first on Return On Now.

19.08.2015 How SCHISTO-H lurks behind the scenes of global women's health

Malaria is the most destructive parasitic illness, by many accounts, but the second most is much less well-known.

Schistosomiasis [shis-tuh-soh-mahy-uh-sis] infects over 250 million people.

It is a common in areas with stagnant water where the where the parasitic flat-worms can enter even unbroken skin and take up residence in a host. The flat worms then produce thousands of eggs per day that can overwhelm the host’s organs. The disease itself is effectively treated with praziquantel but reinfection can occur quickly. This is a disease desperate for a vaccine.

Schistosomiasis is of interest to Maternova because it is particularly harmful to pregnant women and young children as these populations have less developed or compromised immune systems. Repeated infection with schistosomiasis causes anemia and stunted growth. For girls, a specific strain we nickname SCHISTO-H is a threat to the reproductive organs. Furthermore, the scarring and wear and tear caused by SCHISTO-H can also leave girls and women more vulnerable to HIV.

How do you treat schisto? The drug, praziquantel, has been the sole recommended treatment to combat Schistosomiasis and has been around for over 30 years. A concern though, is that this common, effective (and cheap) treatment has not determined to be safe in pregnancy or dosed appropriately for very young children who seem to be much more susceptible to the disease. The Pediatric Praziquantel Consortium has received nearly $5M from the Japanese GHIT to research a more safe and effective formulation of praziquantel for children

A vaccine is in development that has been proven to be effective in mice and is showing promise in water buffalo. Since this disease is spread in stagnant water contaminated with infected feces, it is thought that human infection would be greatly decreased by vaccinating some of the livestock.

Schistosomiasis is in a grouping of the WHO (World Health Organization) classifies as Neglected Tropical Diseases. Much more research is needed in areas of treatment AND vaccine.

Coming soon, information on rapid testing, and more about some exciting Schistosomiasis research from two Rhode Island researchers.

Paula McGovern and Meg Wirth

18.08.2015 The death of the king: How trophy hunting helps and harms African communities


For 13 years, Cecil the lion had been a popular and beloved presence at Zimbabwe's Hwange National Park. So outrage–and tears–erupted when an American trophy hunter lured Cecil out of the protected park, shot him with a bow and arrow and tracked him for 40 hours before killing, skinning and beheading him.

Photographs of Cecil’s death and the perceived callousness of the hunter created an easy-to-identify villain–in this case a dentist from Minnesota whose Yelp page became a target for those seeking revenge for Cecil. Zimbabwe called for the extradition of the American hunter and arrested local guides accused of helping to lure Cecil away from the reserve. The anger at Cecil’s death also coincided with an uptick in attention to the perils of elephants and rhinos across Africa and the dangerous link between the poaching of these animals and violent conflict across the globe.

But the relationship between trophy hunting, wildlife conservation, and economic growth in developing nations is much more complicated than the collective outrage might lead you to believe.

Global Envision explored the connection between the drivers of illegal poaching in Africa, armed conflict, and economic development. Whether through direct sales of rhino horn and elephant ivory, or through the price to track and kill an enormous lion, there is money to be made from Africa’s biodiversity.

A tool for good?

As with poachers, the trophy hunting industry approaches Africa’s wildlife as a resource to be harvested. Countries and wildlife preserves permit a certain level of trophy hunting and reap economic benefits from selling hunting licenses, attracting tourism and employing local trackers and guides. An elephant hunted for sport in South Africa can bring in as much as $60,000, according to the New York Times. A hunter might pay up to $71,000 in trophy fees, guide costs and transportation to kill a lion. Tracking and killing Cecil reportedly cost $55,000.

From a wildlife conservation perspective, hunting fees raise the perceived value of the animals and discourage locals from killing elephants or lions when they threaten crops and livestock. Money raised from fees can also be pumped back into national parks and anti-poaching efforts. In 2014, the World Bank allocated $700,000 to Mozambique to manage trophy hunting as part of a $40 million conservation-oriented grant.

“Hunting, when properly regulated and when revenues are distributed to communities in and around parks, is an important financing tool for governments working on the sustainable management of their parks and natural assets,” a World Bank representative told Bloomberg.

More controversially, hunting proponents claim local economies and communities benefit from tourism and jobs created by trophy hunting. Trophy hunting allows for a diversification of land use and access to lucrative hunting markets. Theoretically, through sustainable and carefully managed hunting programs, impoverished communities can take advantage of the natural resources available to them. In developing nations such as Mozambique, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and many of the other 20 African countries that allow trophy hunting, landowners can offer the rare chance to hunt and kill large game, and locals can provide their services as guides, trackers, and drivers. 

Shoot photos, not guns

In practice, however, trophy hunting’s claimed benefits to local communities might not exist. Opponents argue that communities and parks see very little of the money made from trophy hunting. A 2013 report for the African Lion Commission estimates that only 3 percent of the revenue from hunting reaches local communities; the rest is collected by government agencies, private companies, and hunting agents and coordinators far from the villages hosting hunters.

Furthermore, the positive role hunting might play in wildlife conservation efforts–as a funding source and by increasing the value of the animals–may not be enough to overcome the ethical and emotional challenges it faces, as highlighted by uproar over Cecil’s death. Many major American and international airlines decided to ban the transport of trophies as a result of the outrage. Business interests follow public opinion.

Alternative to trophy hunting are catching on as distaste for killing grows. Wildlife photography and nature tourism can bring in equivalent or greater income.  The David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust reported that a single elephant can bring in 76 times more ecotourism dollars alive than dead. Luxury safaris, such as those offered by Selinda in Botswana, can cost thousands of dollars per day. Colin Bell argues in the Economist that his upmarket safari business is an excellent counterweight to hunting programs, noting, “Hunters get 12 visitors a year, we get 12 visitors a day.”

The Economist highlights a number of other growing alternatives to trophy hunting that protect wildlife and benefit local communities. One is the application  of “non-use” programs such as the Nature Conservancy’s Adopt an Acre program. By gathering small payments from large numbers of interested people from around the world, these programs pay for the non-use of land and wildlife resources.This approach is problematic–local communities are prevented from taking advantage of their own national resources when outsiders purchase rights to the land, and those buying into such programs are often ideologically driven, which limits the number of people interested in participating.

Localized efforts, on the other hand, use market incentives to interest a broad swath of residents. South Africa allows farmers to own, sell, and manage wild animals, and incorporates tax breaks into such rights. This has resulted in a steep increase in southern white rhinos as farmers value the rhinos as potential income rather than as pests, according to the Economist. In Kenya, a program by Northern Rangelands Trust offers farmers slaughterhouse services and access to cattle markets in return for participation in conservation efforts. This program protects Kenya’s wildlife from unsustainable farming and grazing practices, increases the return farmers receive on their cattle and promotes a healthier relationship between human livelihoods, wildlife and natural resources.

Cecil's legacy

The death of Cecil the lion has shined a light on the intersection between trophy hunting, wildlife conservation, tourism, and economic development in Africa. For years trophy hunting has provided funds for wildlife reservations and conservation efforts and has operated as a necessary evil to protect populations of rhinos, elephants, and lions throughout the continent.

However, given the increased attention to the detrimental effects that hunting and poaching bring to Africa and world, conservationists and international development organizations should turn to other, less violent, approaches. Safaris or touristic photography excursions treat Africa’s biodiversity like an additional world wonder, protected and cherished like the Egyptian Pyramids. Other programs encourage locals to see the animals as potential income or as an integral part of the community, rather than as threats or pests.

The outrage over Cecil’s death could spur the growth of alternatives to trophy hunting, alternatives more humane for both humans and lions.

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17.08.2015 A memorial to free speech

This stopped me in my tracks this morning. Apropos my comments about park benches on the Internet, let us hope we don't yet need to memorialize free speech.
(Valencia Street, San Francisco, August 17, 2015.)
In case you can't read the plaque, here's a closeup of the text:
 And another view.

17.08.2015 Kenyan Fellows Meet Up!

Kenyan Fellows Meet Up!

Peggy Mativo | August 17, 2015
What happens when you gather five YouthActionNet Fellows in Kenya in a room together for the first time? I recently had the chance to find out in a meeting with Fredrick Ouko (2009), George Gachara (...

15.08.2015 “Transparent Until it Hurts”: What Does It Mean?

At Possible, one of the principles in our For-Impact Culture Code states, “We are transparent until it hurts.” It’s a bold statement, but also a common one. Many nonprofits boast transparency in order to dodge skeptics and satisfy donors. I was extremely curious about what transparency meant for Possible before I made the decision to […]



If you’ve never heard of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, don’t worry too much... It’s only the biggest trade deal in history. 

From the U.S. perspective, the partnership is, the “most progressive trade agreement the world has ever seen.” What does that mean? It’s a geopolitical maneuver aimed at offsetting China’s regional influence by boosting U.S. exports. And it’s a high priority for the Obama Administration, which got the okay to ‘fast-track’ the agreement on June 23.

The agreement is being negotiated between the U.S. and 11 other countries, six of which are classified as “developing.” The trade deal will affect 40 percent of the global economy and 25 percent of global exports of goods and services.

While it’s set to increase U.S. exports by $123.5 billion in the first 10 years, the deal threatens to block beneficial industrialization in developing countries and to expand the reach of multinational corporations. 

Political theorist Noam Chomsky slammed the top-secret deal, saying it “sets the working people in the world in competition with one another so as to lower wages to increase insecurity.”

Top secret?

Yes, details of the biggest trade deal in history are under heavy wraps.  Only congressional members or those with White House security clearance -- which, surprisingly, includes many corporate employees -- can read it. But they can’t take notes or discuss it.

Wikileaks got its hands on a few portions of the deal, revealing crucial details that have triggered a debate regarding the integrity and economic viability of the agreement.

Many Republicans and corporations like Apple, Johnson & Johnson, and the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America have sided with President Obama on the deal. Most congressional Democrats, labor unions, environmental groups, and Internet freedom activists oppose it.

According to acclaimed economist Joseph Stiglitz, the Trans-Pacific Partnership would fuel income inequality and benefit corporations while “the well-being of ordinary citizens is likely to take a hit,” .

“It will also negatively impact some of the poorest people in the world,” says presidential candidate Bernie Sanders.

Surely, Brunei Darussalam, one of the smaller negotiating countries, has a dramatically different economy than the United States. Yet Brunei Darussalam would be held to the same rules as a global economic power. Critics say the agreement imposes equal rules on unequal players. How will these rules affect ordinary citizens, small scale producers, farmers, and businesses in developing countries?

How is the Trans-Pacific Partnership going to impact the lives of those living in the developing world? Here are five points you should know:

1.   People in developing countries will be locked into low paying agricultural and extractive industries, without access to higher paying jobs.

The Trans-Pacific Partnership promotes a “race to the bottom.” Heightened competition between international businesses will compress wages and dismantle standards. For example, a worker in Vietnam -- a negotiating country -- makes 48 to 69 cents an hour and has minimal worker rights. If trade between Vietnam opens up further, other countries will either have to compete with its low cost of labor, or export their manufacturing abroad to harness low costs. In either case, people will be exploited.

Although China was intentionally excluded from the deal, many Chinese manufacturers are already considering moving textile manufacturing to Vietnam for this reason.

2. The cost of life-saving medicines will rise.

Intellectual Property Enforcement -- a central tenant of the trade agreement -- will allow pharmaceutical companies to extend patents on medicines, preventing cheap, generic life-saving medicines from entering the market. 'Evergreening’ allows pharmaceutical companies to tweak a product -- by changing the way it’s ingested, for example -- and start the patent ownership period all over again. This keeps life-saving medicines out of reach for poor people.

“The TPP is threatening to cut off the lifeline that generic drugs provide for people living with HIV/AIDS and many other diseases,” according to a statement by Doctors Without Borders.

Intellectual Property Enforcement will also make it difficult for small local producers to access new technologies. Extended and enforced patents on agricultural inputs like seeds can negatively impact small-scale farmers.

3.  Environmental protections are weak and won’t protect resources in developing countries.

The trade deal “represents a clear step back” from protecting the valuable resources in developing countries, according to a joint analysis by the Sierra Club, the World Wildlife Foundation, and the Natural Resource Defense Council. Major concerns include illegal mining and logging in developing countries and the lack of repercussions when multinational corporations inflict environmental degradation in a country.

Protecting the Peruvian rainforest has been of major concern. In 2013, an estimated 80 percent of Peru’s timber exports were harvested illegally. The majority of the illegal timber was exported to the United States, despite a 2007 free trade agreement that banned such activity.

4. Local producers in developing countries will have to compete with giant multinational corporations, more than ever before.

The deal requires that governments treat foreign companies the same as domestic companies, meaning it forbids developing countries from using protectionist measures that support small companies, such a high tariffs on imported goods.

In a world where just 500 companies control 70 percent of global trade, small local producers already face nearly impossible hurdles. Expanding the reach and privileges of large multinational corporations will only hurt small businesses in developing countries.

What’s more, the trade deal would create a tribunal for investor-state dispute settlements. This means multinational corporations will have the power to sue countries for imposing protectionist measures -- let’s remember Brunei Darussalam has a GDP of $17.25 billion, while Exxon Mobile’s annual revenue is $376.25 billion

5. Labor standards in developing countries will improve. Maybe...

The U.S. Trade Department says the deal would establish “enforceable rules” and mechanisms to monitor and address labor concerns, such as protecting the freedom of association and discouraging child labor.

Yet, this promise is up for debate. “Supporters of past trade agreements have said again and again that these deals would include strong protections for workers,” Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren says. “But assurances without strong enforcement are just empty promises.”

Đỗ Thị Minh Hạnh, a member of the Viet Labor Movement, echoed this sentiment. “Viet Labor wants trade agreements like the TPP, to guarantee and promote workers rights,” she said in a testimony in front of Congress.

Veiled in Secrecy

What we do know about the Trans-Pacific Partnership is that it tilts the scale in favor of multinational corporations, lacks meaningful environmental protections and potentially hurts those living at the bottom of the global economic pyramid. It “will benefit the wealthiest sliver of the American global elite at the expense of everyone else,” according to Stiglitz, the Nobel laureate economist.

Negotiations have been sluggish since their start in 2008. Even though 'fast-track' authority has been granted, it could still be anywhere between six months and a year before it’s officially signed into action.

Negotiations aren’t over. And opponents say it’s not too late to stop them.

13.08.2015 Why teachers need social and emotional learning too

How can integrated SEL practices help both teachers and students?

Schools across the nation are exploring ways to teach foundational skills like gritempathy, and social awareness in the classroom. Research increasingly shows that social-emotional learning (SEL) is critical to student success — in school and in life. One study reported that SEL skills predict future success better than IQ.

However, some educators are still wary of the bevy of “prosocial” programs that are currently being pitched to schools, as research on the effectiveness of specific programs is still inconclusive. Other critics are concerned that SEL may take time away from core subjects. However, another recent study suggested that SEL curriculums, delivered with trained teachers, can result in significant boosts in math and reading achievement.

Nancy Markowitz, Director of The Collaborative for Reaching and Teaching the Whole Child (CRTWC), is a firm advocate of SEL. “What’s missing is an understanding of what SEL skills are,” she says, “which is that they are deeply embedded in the Common Core Standards. If we do not explicitly attend to them, kids are not going to succeed with the Common Core.”

Image courtesy of Mats Eriksson

Markowitz recognizes, however, that time and budget constraints make SEL programs impractical for many schools. “Teachers don’t have the time, and schools don’t have the money for more programming,” she goes on, “Schools are saying, ‘Enough!’”

Rather than introducing a new program to schools, CRTWC is training teachers to integrate SEL into their everyday teaching practices.

“Putting on the ‘glasses’ or the ‘lens’ of social and emotional learning allows the teacher to ask different questions about what is going on in the teaching and learning process,” she explains. “When teachers ask different questions, they come up with different possible strategies to help a child.”

For instance, Markowitz sees a key difference between asking, “Did I teach this math concept successfully?” and, “Did I provide the children enough time to talk to one another and share their results on the math problem?”
When teachers apply the SEL lens, they give students the opportunity to grapple with the content through developing foundational skills, like communicating clearly and listening actively.

Image courtesy of Woodley Wonder Works

“If you want a child to be able to critique somebody else’s work, to be able to give an argument for why he or she did the problem a certain way, then the child is going to have to be able to interact with others and self-regulate any feelings of discomfort or insecurity,” she suggests. “And the teacher has to create a safe environment where students feel comfortable taking risks and making mistakes, and where they see mistakes not as failures, but as steps toward growth.”

CRTWC also believes that social and emotional training can ultimately make a teacher’s job less stressful by helping prevent and solve behavior problems in the classroom. Equipped with SEL tools, teachers can impart the same lessons to their students and model positive behaviors like empathy, resilience, and self-awareness.

Image courtesy ofCybrarian

For example, one student teacher in CRTWC’s program was recently experiencing a challenging situation with a kindergarten student.

“The child followed him everywhere,” Markowitz recounted. “He wouldn’t sit down and held onto the teacher’s pants constantly. While the student teacher was trying to be understanding, it was beginning to get really frustrating.”

But with CRTWC’s training, the student teacher started learning about the child’s life and discovered that he had lost his father the previous year. “It immediately gave the student teacher a different interpretation of that child’s behavior,” she explains. “And as a result, while the teacher was still trying to help the child become more independent, he understood the behaviour in a different way that gave him greater patience.”

If student teachers are faced with a particularly challenging child, one strategy Markowitz recommends is the Two-by-Ten strategy developed by researcher Raymond Wlodkowski. The teacher spends two minutes getting to know the child each day for ten days. The process allows the teacher to see the child differently than simply a source of disruption in the classroom, and the child sees the teacher as someone who is interested in him or her as a whole person.

“Two minutes may not seem like much time, but it invariably changes the nature of the student-teacher relationship and the communication in the classroom,” Markowitz affirms.

“Relationships are a very powerful piece of the social and emotional learning lens. If the teacher starts recognising what’s going on in the context of a child’s life, the teacher will start interpreting that child’s behaviour differently. It will lead the teacher to a different set of responses, which are usually more productive.”

Bio: Kristie Wang is a writer and media manager at Ashoka Changemakers, where she covers topics in social innovation, such as women’s empowerment, community development, and health. Her work has appeared via, The Christian Science Monitor,, The Rockefeller Foundation blog, NextBillion, and Care2.

13.08.2015 supporting 55 saltpan workers' children education

project picture
$10 — can support dress and school bag
$15 — can provide 5 children's notes book, pen, pencil, etc
$55 — can help for one month health checkup

give now

This Tuition centre aims to support education and protection of 55 semi-orphan saltpan workers' children. These centers provide Tuition, nutrias, uniform and recreation. The centre has 4 part time teachers cum care taker. The children are studying from Ist to VI th std and continue school going and their education progress are followed and reviewed. Monthly test and parents counseling are taken every month

Project Needs and Beneficiaries
Salt pan workers in Vedaraniyam, Nagapattinam district are Dalit and working under compulsion of caste and economic and releasing from the tragedy. Salt pan work start 12.00 AM (mid night) and end 12.00 PM (noon). In the absence of parents in nights and day, Children education and health are questionable. Children are drop out and become childlabour. Male are as miscreants as drunkard, pick pocketing and coastal smuggling. Female Children are under sex abuses, trafficking and child marriage.

Tuition centre is run in Vedaranyam in that 55 children are taught on their school syllabus. They are from 7-13 years old that they are coached on 3rd to 7th std. Nutrias is provided daily evening time. Notebooks, dress, school bag, and monthly health checkup are given. Playing on Saturday and Sunday are arranged for their childhood joyfulness. Monthly once health checkup are being done and identified the affected, who are taken for treatment.

Potential Long Term Impact
This project has potential & impact full in education continuation and free from dropout, nutrias defiance and health problem. Their educational and health needs are given. They will get new life through school going, nutrias, education progress and promotion. Health issues of girls are identified and treated.

Project Sponsor: ROSI foundation(Rural organising for social improvement)
Theme: Education | Location: India
Funding to Date: $0 | Need:$5,615
Project #21214 on

13.08.2015 Save Women & girls from Violence-India

project picture
$50 — will help to provide printed material for one village
$75 — will help to conduct awareness campaign
$100 — will help to start men & boys clubs to protect women from violence

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Violence against women & girls are of gender relations that assumes men to be superior to women. It gives the subordinate status to women; gender violence is considered normal and enjoys social sanction. Physical aggression, such as blows of varying intensity, burns, attempted hanging, sexual abuse and rape, psychological violence through insults, humiliation, coercion, blackmail, economic or emotional threats, and control over speech and actions. In extreme, death is the result.

Project Needs and Beneficiaries
violence to women is considered normal and enjoys social sanction. Physical aggression, such as blows of varying intensity, burns, attempted hanging, sexual abuse and rape, psychological violence through insults, humiliation, coercion, blackmail, economic or emotional threats, and control over speech and actions. In extreme, death is the result.

CHHASE aims to prevent women from violence with combination of efforts that address income, education, health, laws and infrastructure can reduce violence and its tragic consequences. Abusive behavior towards women is required to be viewed as unacceptable. Communities need to have an important role in defining solutions to violence and providing support to victims. Men & boys must be engaged in the process as agents of prevention, standing alongside women to end violence.

Potential Long Term Impact
CHHASE will create awareness to women & girls. victims will be provided with counseling and we will provide temporary stay in our center. Awareness to 150 villages to Men & boys to safe guard women & girls from violence. Legal awareness & aid also will be provided to women and girls.Income generating programs also will be provided to women and girls to earn and live safely and securely.

Project Sponsor: Community Health, Housing and Social Education (CHHASE)
Theme: Women and Girls | Location: Taiwan
Funding to Date: $0 | Need:$30,000
Project #21132 on

13.08.2015 The Biggest Content Marketing Mistakes You Might Be Making [Expert Roundup]

The following post is copyrighted by Return On Now - Austin Internet Marketing Consulting Services

We reached out to content marketing pros across the interwebs and asked them to riff on the theme of content marketing mistakes: “In the middle of 2015, what are you seeing content marketers do that they shouldn’t? Or not do that they should?” Their comments build on each other, reminding us of how to address content marketing mistakes via best practices and how we… read more →

The post The Biggest Content Marketing Mistakes You Might Be Making [Expert Roundup] appeared first on Return On Now.